Here we report the industrial pollution effects due to cadmium on the reproductive health of Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mussels were removed from the biofouling of a Conatex panel after one year exposition at a polluted site near a disposal metallurgical factory. A high cadmium bioaccumulation was observed in the testis of mussels housed at the polluted site, with respect to a control site, as determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, along with a 10 fold increase in metallothionein 20 kDa gene (mt20) expression levels determined by qPCR. Furthermore, mussels transferred into laboratory tanks from the reference site, and exposed to 1.5, 5 and 10 mu M CdCl2, revealed a 1.7, 3.2 and 4.5 fold expression increase in the testis mt20, respectively, and a positive correlation with cadmium bioaccumulation was found. To evaluate a potential detrimental risk of such alterations on spermatozoa, we carried out electrophoretic analyses on their protamine-like proteins. As determined by AU-PAGE, after 1.5 mu M CdCl2 exposure, protamine-like proteins also display major alterations with respect to those obtained after 5 and 10 mu M CdCl2 exposure. All protamine-like proteins isolated from the polluted biofouling were in an aggregated form and displayed the same reduced DNA binding affinity of the protamine-like proteins obtained after 1.5 mu M CdCl2 as demonstrated EMSA with sperm genomic DNA. Our results contribute to the studies concerning cadmium induced testis alterations and highlight protamine-like proteins' analysis as an emerging biotechnique for cadmium impact assessment on Mytilus galloprovincialis, for the sensitivity of the in vivo and in vitro changes of protamine-like proteins' state and their DNA binding affinity.

Protamine-like proteins' analysis as an emerging biotechnique for cadmium impact assessment on male mollusk Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck 1819)

Piscopo, Marina
;
Trifuoggi, Marco;Giarra, Antonella;Rabbito, Dea;Basile, Adriana;Guerriero, Giulia
2018

Abstract

Here we report the industrial pollution effects due to cadmium on the reproductive health of Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mussels were removed from the biofouling of a Conatex panel after one year exposition at a polluted site near a disposal metallurgical factory. A high cadmium bioaccumulation was observed in the testis of mussels housed at the polluted site, with respect to a control site, as determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, along with a 10 fold increase in metallothionein 20 kDa gene (mt20) expression levels determined by qPCR. Furthermore, mussels transferred into laboratory tanks from the reference site, and exposed to 1.5, 5 and 10 mu M CdCl2, revealed a 1.7, 3.2 and 4.5 fold expression increase in the testis mt20, respectively, and a positive correlation with cadmium bioaccumulation was found. To evaluate a potential detrimental risk of such alterations on spermatozoa, we carried out electrophoretic analyses on their protamine-like proteins. As determined by AU-PAGE, after 1.5 mu M CdCl2 exposure, protamine-like proteins also display major alterations with respect to those obtained after 5 and 10 mu M CdCl2 exposure. All protamine-like proteins isolated from the polluted biofouling were in an aggregated form and displayed the same reduced DNA binding affinity of the protamine-like proteins obtained after 1.5 mu M CdCl2 as demonstrated EMSA with sperm genomic DNA. Our results contribute to the studies concerning cadmium induced testis alterations and highlight protamine-like proteins' analysis as an emerging biotechnique for cadmium impact assessment on Mytilus galloprovincialis, for the sensitivity of the in vivo and in vitro changes of protamine-like proteins' state and their DNA binding affinity.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/720112
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 32
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact