BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied prognostic impact of UA in 8833 hypertensive adults (mean age 53 ± 12 yrs, 3857 women) from the Campania Salute Network, without prevalent CV disease and more than stage 3 CKD. We calculated standardized UA Z-score, adjusted for age, sex, glomerular filtration rate, and BMI. Low and high UA and UA Z-score quartiles were compared to the 2 middle quartiles assumed to be "normal". Prevalence of obesity and diabetes was higher in low and high than in normal UA Z-score group (all p < 0.001). Systolic BP, left ventricular mass, carotid intima thickness were significantly higher and ejection fraction was reduced in the presence of high UA Z-score (all p < 0.001). Over 33-months average follow-up, incident major CV end-points (MACE) were not significantly different among low, normal and high UA or UA Z-score. In the latter analysis, however, incident MACE tended to be more frequent in the low than the high UA Z-score. Despite the results of multivariable analyses, the effect of less aggressive therapy in low UA Z-score cannot be excluded with certainty. CONCLUSION: In treated hypertensive patients, high levels of UA normalized for major biological determinants do not independently predict CV outcome. CLINICALTRIALS.

Is increased uric acid a risk factor or a defensive response? The Campania Salute Network

Mancusi, C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Izzo, Raffaele.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rozza, F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Losi, M. A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Canciello, G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
de Luca, Nicola.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Trimarco, B.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
de Simone, G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Circulating uric acid (UA) is positively associated with body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, blood pressure (BP), markers of inflammation, and altered lipid profile. UA has also anti-oxidative properties which might be beneficial for cardiovascular (CV) system. It is still debated whether or not UA is independently associated with increased CV morbidity and/or mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied prognostic impact of UA in 8833 hypertensive adults (mean age 53 ± 12 yrs, 3857 women) from the Campania Salute Network, without prevalent CV disease and more than stage 3 CKD. We calculated standardized UA Z-score, adjusted for age, sex, glomerular filtration rate, and BMI. Low and high UA and UA Z-score quartiles were compared to the 2 middle quartiles assumed to be "normal". Prevalence of obesity and diabetes was higher in low and high than in normal UA Z-score group (all p < 0.001). Systolic BP, left ventricular mass, carotid intima thickness were significantly higher and ejection fraction was reduced in the presence of high UA Z-score (all p < 0.001). Over 33-months average follow-up, incident major CV end-points (MACE) were not significantly different among low, normal and high UA or UA Z-score. In the latter analysis, however, incident MACE tended to be more frequent in the low than the high UA Z-score. Despite the results of multivariable analyses, the effect of less aggressive therapy in low UA Z-score cannot be excluded with certainty. CONCLUSION: In treated hypertensive patients, high levels of UA normalized for major biological determinants do not independently predict CV outcome. CLINICALTRIALS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/720100
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