H1069Q substitution represents the most frequent mutation of the copper transporter ATP7B causing Wilson disease in Caucasian population. ATP7B localizes to the Golgi complex in hepatocytes but moves in response to copper overload to the endo-lysosomal compartment to support copper excretion via bile canaliculi. In heterologous or hepatoma-derived cell lines, overexpressed ATP7B-H1069Q is strongly retained in the ER and fails to move to the post-Golgi sites, resulting in toxic copper accumulation. However, this pathogenic mechanism has never been tested in patients' hepatocytes, while animal models recapitulating this form of WD are still lacking. To reach this goal, we have reprogrammed skin fibroblasts of homozygous ATP7B-H1069Q patients into induced pluripotent stem cells and differentiated them into hepatocyte-like cells. Surprisingly, in HLCs we found one third of ATP7B-H1069Q localized in the Golgi complex and able to move to the endo-lysosomal compartment upon copper stimulation. However, despite normal mRNA levels, the expression of the mutant protein was only 20% compared to the control because of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation. These results pinpoint rapid degradation as the major cause for loss of ATP7B function in H1069Q patients, and thus as the primary target for designing therapeutic strategies to rescue ATP7B-H1069Q function.

Characterization of the most frequent ATP7B mutation causing Wilson disease in hepatocytes from patient induced pluripotent stem cells

Parisi, Silvia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Allocca, Simona
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ciano, Michela
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Musto, Anna
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ranucci, Giusy
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Iorio, Raffaele
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bonatti, Stefano
Membro del Collaboration Group
2018

Abstract

H1069Q substitution represents the most frequent mutation of the copper transporter ATP7B causing Wilson disease in Caucasian population. ATP7B localizes to the Golgi complex in hepatocytes but moves in response to copper overload to the endo-lysosomal compartment to support copper excretion via bile canaliculi. In heterologous or hepatoma-derived cell lines, overexpressed ATP7B-H1069Q is strongly retained in the ER and fails to move to the post-Golgi sites, resulting in toxic copper accumulation. However, this pathogenic mechanism has never been tested in patients' hepatocytes, while animal models recapitulating this form of WD are still lacking. To reach this goal, we have reprogrammed skin fibroblasts of homozygous ATP7B-H1069Q patients into induced pluripotent stem cells and differentiated them into hepatocyte-like cells. Surprisingly, in HLCs we found one third of ATP7B-H1069Q localized in the Golgi complex and able to move to the endo-lysosomal compartment upon copper stimulation. However, despite normal mRNA levels, the expression of the mutant protein was only 20% compared to the control because of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation. These results pinpoint rapid degradation as the major cause for loss of ATP7B function in H1069Q patients, and thus as the primary target for designing therapeutic strategies to rescue ATP7B-H1069Q function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/717595
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