Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) leads to curves expressed in terms of structural response versus intensity, commonly known as the IDA curves. It is known that implementation of IDA usually involves significant computational effort and most often significant scaling of the original records to various intensity levels. Employing as the performance variable the critical demand to capacity ratio (DCR) throughout the structure, which is equal to unity at the onset of the limit state, facilitates the identification of the intensity values at the onset of a desired limit state and hence the implementation of the IDA procedure. Employing the structural response to un-scaled records and the corresponding regression-based response predictions (a.k.a., the “Cloud Analysis”) helps in identifying the range of intensity values corresponding to demand to capacity ratio values in the vicinity of unity. The Cloud to IDA procedure for structural fragility assessment is proposed on the premise of exploiting the Cloud Analysis results to obtain the IDA curves both with minimum number of analyses and minimum amount of scaling. The transverse frame of a shear-critical 7-story older RC building in Van Nuys, CA, which is modeled in Opensees with fiber-section considering the flexural-shear-axial interactions and the bar slip, is employed as a case study. It is demonstrated, by comparing the results to IDA and other state of the art non-linear dynamic procedures based on no scaling or spectral-shape-compatible scaling, that the Cloud to IDA procedure leads to reliable results in terms of structural fragility and risk for the prescribed limit state.

Cloud to IDA: efficient fragility assessment with limited scaling / Miano, A.; Jalayer, F.; Ebrahimian, H.; Prota, A.. - In: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS. - ISSN 0098-8847. - 47:5(2018), pp. 1124-1147. [10.1002/eqe.3009]

Cloud to IDA: efficient fragility assessment with limited scaling

Miano A.;Jalayer F.
;
Ebrahimian H.
;
Prota A.
2018

Abstract

Incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) leads to curves expressed in terms of structural response versus intensity, commonly known as the IDA curves. It is known that implementation of IDA usually involves significant computational effort and most often significant scaling of the original records to various intensity levels. Employing as the performance variable the critical demand to capacity ratio (DCR) throughout the structure, which is equal to unity at the onset of the limit state, facilitates the identification of the intensity values at the onset of a desired limit state and hence the implementation of the IDA procedure. Employing the structural response to un-scaled records and the corresponding regression-based response predictions (a.k.a., the “Cloud Analysis”) helps in identifying the range of intensity values corresponding to demand to capacity ratio values in the vicinity of unity. The Cloud to IDA procedure for structural fragility assessment is proposed on the premise of exploiting the Cloud Analysis results to obtain the IDA curves both with minimum number of analyses and minimum amount of scaling. The transverse frame of a shear-critical 7-story older RC building in Van Nuys, CA, which is modeled in Opensees with fiber-section considering the flexural-shear-axial interactions and the bar slip, is employed as a case study. It is demonstrated, by comparing the results to IDA and other state of the art non-linear dynamic procedures based on no scaling or spectral-shape-compatible scaling, that the Cloud to IDA procedure leads to reliable results in terms of structural fragility and risk for the prescribed limit state.
2018
Cloud to IDA: efficient fragility assessment with limited scaling / Miano, A.; Jalayer, F.; Ebrahimian, H.; Prota, A.. - In: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS. - ISSN 0098-8847. - 47:5(2018), pp. 1124-1147. [10.1002/eqe.3009]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/709581
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