This study evaluated the effect of QDs functionalized with the antimicrobial peptide indolicidin on oxidative stress and metabolomics profiles of Daphnia magna across three generations (F0, F1, and F2). Exposing D. magna to sub-lethal concentrations of the complex QDs-indolicidin, a normal survival of daphnids was observed from F0 to F2, but a delay of first brood, fewer broods per female, a decrease of length of about 50% compared to control. In addition, QDs-indolicidin induced a significantly higher production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) gradually in each generation and an impairment of enzymes response to oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione transferase (GST). Effects were confirmed by metabolomics profiles that pointed out a gradual decrease of metabolomics content over the three generations and a toxic effect of QDs-indolicidin likely related to the higher accumulation of ROS and decreased antioxidant capacity in F1 and F2 generations. Results highlighted the capability of metabolomics to reveal an early metabolic response to stress induced by environmental QDs-indolicidin complex.

Metabolomic and oxidative effects of quantum dots-indolicidin on three generations of Daphnia magna / Falanga, Annarita; Mercurio, Flavia A.; Siciliano, Antonietta; Lombardi, Lucia; Galdiero, Stefania; Guida, Marco; Libralato, Giovanni; Leone, Marilisa; Galdiero, Emilia. - In: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0166-445X. - 198:(2018), pp. 158-164. [10.1016/j.aquatox.2018.03.001]

Metabolomic and oxidative effects of quantum dots-indolicidin on three generations of Daphnia magna

Annarita Falanga;Flavia A. Mercurio;SICILIANO, ANTONIETTA;Lucia Lombardi;Stefania Galdiero;Marco Guida;Giovanni Libralato;Marilisa Leone;Emilia Galdiero
2018

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of QDs functionalized with the antimicrobial peptide indolicidin on oxidative stress and metabolomics profiles of Daphnia magna across three generations (F0, F1, and F2). Exposing D. magna to sub-lethal concentrations of the complex QDs-indolicidin, a normal survival of daphnids was observed from F0 to F2, but a delay of first brood, fewer broods per female, a decrease of length of about 50% compared to control. In addition, QDs-indolicidin induced a significantly higher production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) gradually in each generation and an impairment of enzymes response to oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione transferase (GST). Effects were confirmed by metabolomics profiles that pointed out a gradual decrease of metabolomics content over the three generations and a toxic effect of QDs-indolicidin likely related to the higher accumulation of ROS and decreased antioxidant capacity in F1 and F2 generations. Results highlighted the capability of metabolomics to reveal an early metabolic response to stress induced by environmental QDs-indolicidin complex.
2018
Metabolomic and oxidative effects of quantum dots-indolicidin on three generations of Daphnia magna / Falanga, Annarita; Mercurio, Flavia A.; Siciliano, Antonietta; Lombardi, Lucia; Galdiero, Stefania; Guida, Marco; Libralato, Giovanni; Leone, Marilisa; Galdiero, Emilia. - In: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0166-445X. - 198:(2018), pp. 158-164. [10.1016/j.aquatox.2018.03.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/707988
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