Myofibroblasts are activated fibroblasts, involved in tissue repair and cancer, characterized by de novo expression of alpha smooth mucle actin (α-SMA), increased secretion of growth factors and immunoregolatory fenotype [1]. At the end of wound healing myofibroblasts undergo apoptotic cell death, whereas in vitro they are also subjected to a programmed necrosis-like cell death, termed nemosis, associated with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression induction and inflammatory response [1,2]. Moreover, fibroblasts form clusters during wound healing, fibrotic states and tumorigenesis. In this investigation, we produced and analysed clusters such as spheroids from human primary cutaneous myofibroblasts to evaluate apoptotic or necrotic cell death, inflammation and activation markers during myofibroblasts clustering. The spheroids formation does not induce apoptosis, necrotic cell death and COX-2 protein induction. The significant decrease of α-SMA in protein extracts of spheroids, the anti- migratory effect of spheroid-conditioned medium on normal cell lines and the absence of proliferation marker Ki-67 after 72 h of three-dimensional culture indicated that myofibroblasts undergo a deactivation process within spheroids. The cells of spheroids, reverted to adhesion growth, preserve their proliferation capability and are able to reacquire a myofibroblastic phenotype. Furthermore, the spontaneous formation of clusters and spheroids on plastic and glass substrates suggests that aggregates formation could be a physiological feature of cutaneous myofibroblasts. This study represents an experimental model to analyse myofibroblasts deactivation and indicates that fibroblasts clusters could be a cell reservoir regulating tissue turnover. References [1] Öhlund et al. (2014) Fibroblast heterogeneity in the cancer wound. J Exp Med; 211: 1503-1523. [2] Dror el al. (2016) Melanoma miRNA trafficking controls tumour primary niche formation. Nat Cell Biol; 18: 1006-1017.

Spheroids from human primary skin myofibroblasts as experimental system for myofibroblast deactivation studies

AVAGLIANO, ANGELICA;Giuseppina Granato;Maria Rosaria Ruocco;Stefania Masone;Stefania Montagnani;Alessandro Arcucci
2017

Abstract

Myofibroblasts are activated fibroblasts, involved in tissue repair and cancer, characterized by de novo expression of alpha smooth mucle actin (α-SMA), increased secretion of growth factors and immunoregolatory fenotype [1]. At the end of wound healing myofibroblasts undergo apoptotic cell death, whereas in vitro they are also subjected to a programmed necrosis-like cell death, termed nemosis, associated with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression induction and inflammatory response [1,2]. Moreover, fibroblasts form clusters during wound healing, fibrotic states and tumorigenesis. In this investigation, we produced and analysed clusters such as spheroids from human primary cutaneous myofibroblasts to evaluate apoptotic or necrotic cell death, inflammation and activation markers during myofibroblasts clustering. The spheroids formation does not induce apoptosis, necrotic cell death and COX-2 protein induction. The significant decrease of α-SMA in protein extracts of spheroids, the anti- migratory effect of spheroid-conditioned medium on normal cell lines and the absence of proliferation marker Ki-67 after 72 h of three-dimensional culture indicated that myofibroblasts undergo a deactivation process within spheroids. The cells of spheroids, reverted to adhesion growth, preserve their proliferation capability and are able to reacquire a myofibroblastic phenotype. Furthermore, the spontaneous formation of clusters and spheroids on plastic and glass substrates suggests that aggregates formation could be a physiological feature of cutaneous myofibroblasts. This study represents an experimental model to analyse myofibroblasts deactivation and indicates that fibroblasts clusters could be a cell reservoir regulating tissue turnover. References [1] Öhlund et al. (2014) Fibroblast heterogeneity in the cancer wound. J Exp Med; 211: 1503-1523. [2] Dror el al. (2016) Melanoma miRNA trafficking controls tumour primary niche formation. Nat Cell Biol; 18: 1006-1017.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/705994
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