This paper presents a detailed exergetic and technoeconomic analysis of a Building Integrated PhotoVoltaic Thermal (BIPVT) system. BIPVT system, consisting of flat-plate PVT solar collectors, is integrated in the south facing façade of a non-residential high-rise building. BIPVT collectors produce: i) thermal energy for space heating purposes, by a radiant floor system; ii) Domestic Hot Water (DHW); iii) electricity. Electric air-to-water heat pumps/chillers and a condensing gas fired boiler are used as auxiliary systems for space heating/cooling and DHW, respectively. In addition, the system also includes an electricity storage system coupled to the BIPVTs in order to mitigate the effects of solar energy intermittency and to obtain a virtually grid-independent system.In order to compare the proposed BIPVT system to a conventional building, a reference building model, i.e. without BIPVTs, energy storage and radiant floor, is considered. Here, the space heating and cooling energy is supplied by air-to-water heat pumps (one for each floor), DHW is produced by a condensing boiler and electricity is supplied by the national grid. The comparison is performed for three thermal zones, well representative of the thermal behaviour of the whole building. In this paper, a detailed dynamic simulation model is developed by means of well-known tool TRNSYS 17, in order to predict the transient behaviour of BIPVT system. Energy and exergy balances are taken into account to determine, for the 1-year operation, the exergy destructions and exergetic efficiencies of each of the investigated components. The economic viability of the proposed system is also discussed and the resulted Simple Pay Back period is about 4 years. From the carried out exergy analysis, the average exergetic efficiency of electricity storage system is about 90%, whereas the condensing boiler one is close to 2% all year long. In addition, an exergy analysis on the proposed BIPVT system located in several European weather zones is also carried out, as well as a suitable exergy analysis is performed by varying the capacity of the electricity storage system. Such analyses aim to assess the weather condition and the size of electricity storage effects on the destroyed exergy and exergetic efficiency of BIPVT collectors and electricity storage, respectively. It resulted that, the highest destroyed exergy of BIPVT occurs in Larnaca (150 MWh/year) vs the lowest one in Belfast (87 MWh/year), whereas the BIPVT collectors exergetic efficiencies range from 8.4% for Larnaca to 8.8% for Belfast.

Transient analysis, exergy and thermo-economic modelling of façade integrated photovoltaic/thermal solar collectors / Buonomano, Annamaria; Calise, Francesco; Palombo, Adolfo; Vicidomini, Maria. - In: RENEWABLE ENERGY. - ISSN 0960-1481. - 137:(2019), pp. 109-126. [10.1016/j.renene.2017.11.060]

Transient analysis, exergy and thermo-economic modelling of façade integrated photovoltaic/thermal solar collectors

Buonomano, Annamaria;Calise, Francesco;Palombo, Adolfo;Vicidomini, Maria
2019

Abstract

This paper presents a detailed exergetic and technoeconomic analysis of a Building Integrated PhotoVoltaic Thermal (BIPVT) system. BIPVT system, consisting of flat-plate PVT solar collectors, is integrated in the south facing façade of a non-residential high-rise building. BIPVT collectors produce: i) thermal energy for space heating purposes, by a radiant floor system; ii) Domestic Hot Water (DHW); iii) electricity. Electric air-to-water heat pumps/chillers and a condensing gas fired boiler are used as auxiliary systems for space heating/cooling and DHW, respectively. In addition, the system also includes an electricity storage system coupled to the BIPVTs in order to mitigate the effects of solar energy intermittency and to obtain a virtually grid-independent system.In order to compare the proposed BIPVT system to a conventional building, a reference building model, i.e. without BIPVTs, energy storage and radiant floor, is considered. Here, the space heating and cooling energy is supplied by air-to-water heat pumps (one for each floor), DHW is produced by a condensing boiler and electricity is supplied by the national grid. The comparison is performed for three thermal zones, well representative of the thermal behaviour of the whole building. In this paper, a detailed dynamic simulation model is developed by means of well-known tool TRNSYS 17, in order to predict the transient behaviour of BIPVT system. Energy and exergy balances are taken into account to determine, for the 1-year operation, the exergy destructions and exergetic efficiencies of each of the investigated components. The economic viability of the proposed system is also discussed and the resulted Simple Pay Back period is about 4 years. From the carried out exergy analysis, the average exergetic efficiency of electricity storage system is about 90%, whereas the condensing boiler one is close to 2% all year long. In addition, an exergy analysis on the proposed BIPVT system located in several European weather zones is also carried out, as well as a suitable exergy analysis is performed by varying the capacity of the electricity storage system. Such analyses aim to assess the weather condition and the size of electricity storage effects on the destroyed exergy and exergetic efficiency of BIPVT collectors and electricity storage, respectively. It resulted that, the highest destroyed exergy of BIPVT occurs in Larnaca (150 MWh/year) vs the lowest one in Belfast (87 MWh/year), whereas the BIPVT collectors exergetic efficiencies range from 8.4% for Larnaca to 8.8% for Belfast.
2019
Transient analysis, exergy and thermo-economic modelling of façade integrated photovoltaic/thermal solar collectors / Buonomano, Annamaria; Calise, Francesco; Palombo, Adolfo; Vicidomini, Maria. - In: RENEWABLE ENERGY. - ISSN 0960-1481. - 137:(2019), pp. 109-126. [10.1016/j.renene.2017.11.060]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/701681
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