This study explores the possibility to use the extremophilic microalga Galdieria sulphuraria (strain 064) as a source of natural biomolecules with beneficial and protective effects on human health. Galdieria was cultivated in heterotrophy conditions and cells extracts for their antioxidant and anti-proliferative properties were tested. Galdieria extracts showed high antioxidant power tested through ABTS assay and revealed high glutathione and phycocyanin contents. Based on Annexin-V FITC/propidium iodide and MTT analysis, algae extracts inhibited the proliferation of human adenocarcinoma A549 cells (51.2% inhibition) through the induction of apoptosis without cell cycle arrest. Besides, cytotoxicity and cytometry assays showed a positive pro-apoptotic mechanism. On these bases, we suggest that G. sulphuraria from heterotrophic culture, for its therapeutic potential, could be considered a good candidate for further studies with the aim to isolate bioactive anti-cancer molecules.

Antioxidant and anti-proliferative properties of extracts from heterotrophic cultures of Galdieria sulphuraria

Bottone, Claudia
Primo
;
Salbitani, Giovanna
;
Carfagna, Simona
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

This study explores the possibility to use the extremophilic microalga Galdieria sulphuraria (strain 064) as a source of natural biomolecules with beneficial and protective effects on human health. Galdieria was cultivated in heterotrophy conditions and cells extracts for their antioxidant and anti-proliferative properties were tested. Galdieria extracts showed high antioxidant power tested through ABTS assay and revealed high glutathione and phycocyanin contents. Based on Annexin-V FITC/propidium iodide and MTT analysis, algae extracts inhibited the proliferation of human adenocarcinoma A549 cells (51.2% inhibition) through the induction of apoptosis without cell cycle arrest. Besides, cytotoxicity and cytometry assays showed a positive pro-apoptotic mechanism. On these bases, we suggest that G. sulphuraria from heterotrophic culture, for its therapeutic potential, could be considered a good candidate for further studies with the aim to isolate bioactive anti-cancer molecules.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/700415
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