Prep1 is a homeodomain transcription factor which has an important role in hindbrain development. Prep1 expression is also kept in adult mouse brain and in particular within the olfactory bulbs. Moreover, many Prep1 neurons co-localize with Calbindin-positive periglomerular interneurons in olfactory glomerular layer. However, Prep1 function in this brain region is still unknown. In this study, we show that Prep1 hypomorphic heterozygous (Prep1i/+) mice express low levels of protein and feature a 30% reduction of olfactory bulb area, compared to WT mice. In addition, Prep1i/+ mice olfactory bulb histological analysis indicated a 20% lower cytochrome C oxidase activity within the glomerular layer, accompanied by a reduced number of periglomerular interneurons, compared to the WT littermates. Consistently, olfactory perception test highlighted that Prep1 hypomorphic heterozygous mice display a scant ability to distinguish odors, which significantly impacts on feeding behavior, as Prep1i/+ mice revealed a reduced preference for high-fat food. Analysis of BDNF signaling, which represents the main molecular mediator of olfactory plasticity, showed that Prep1i/+ mouse olfactory bulbs feature a 30% reduction of TrkB receptor levels and a decreased activation of ERK1/2. Similarly, overexpression of Prep1 in mouse neuronal cells (N2A) caused an increase of TrkB expression levels, BDNF-induced ERK phosphorylation, and cell viability, compared to control cells. We conclude that Prep1 deficiency alters olfactory morpho-functional integrity and olfaction-mediated eating behavior by affecting BDNF-TrkB signaling. Prep1 could, therefore, play a crucial role in behavioral dysfunctions associated to impaired responsiveness to BDNF.

Prep1 Deficiency Affects Olfactory Perception and Feeding Behavior by Impairing BDNF-TrkB Mediated Neurotrophic Signaling

Ricci, Serena;Viggiano, Davide;Cimmino, Ilaria;Perruolo, Giuseppe;Cabaro, Serena;Liotti, Antonietta;Fiory, Francesca;Spinelli, Rosa;Di Carlo, Angelina;Beguinot, Francesco;Formisano, Pietro;Oriente, Francesco
2018

Abstract

Prep1 is a homeodomain transcription factor which has an important role in hindbrain development. Prep1 expression is also kept in adult mouse brain and in particular within the olfactory bulbs. Moreover, many Prep1 neurons co-localize with Calbindin-positive periglomerular interneurons in olfactory glomerular layer. However, Prep1 function in this brain region is still unknown. In this study, we show that Prep1 hypomorphic heterozygous (Prep1i/+) mice express low levels of protein and feature a 30% reduction of olfactory bulb area, compared to WT mice. In addition, Prep1i/+ mice olfactory bulb histological analysis indicated a 20% lower cytochrome C oxidase activity within the glomerular layer, accompanied by a reduced number of periglomerular interneurons, compared to the WT littermates. Consistently, olfactory perception test highlighted that Prep1 hypomorphic heterozygous mice display a scant ability to distinguish odors, which significantly impacts on feeding behavior, as Prep1i/+ mice revealed a reduced preference for high-fat food. Analysis of BDNF signaling, which represents the main molecular mediator of olfactory plasticity, showed that Prep1i/+ mouse olfactory bulbs feature a 30% reduction of TrkB receptor levels and a decreased activation of ERK1/2. Similarly, overexpression of Prep1 in mouse neuronal cells (N2A) caused an increase of TrkB expression levels, BDNF-induced ERK phosphorylation, and cell viability, compared to control cells. We conclude that Prep1 deficiency alters olfactory morpho-functional integrity and olfaction-mediated eating behavior by affecting BDNF-TrkB signaling. Prep1 could, therefore, play a crucial role in behavioral dysfunctions associated to impaired responsiveness to BDNF.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/698174
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