The importance of allosteric proteasome inhibition in the treatment of cancer is becoming increasingly evident. Motivated by this urgent therapeutic need, we have recently identified cationic porphyrins as a highly versatile class of molecules able to regulate proteasome activity by interfering with gating mechanisms. In the present study, the mapping of electrostatic contacts bridging the regulatory particles with the α-rings of the human 20S proteasome led us to the identification of (meso-tetrakis(4-N-methylphenyl pyridyl)-porphyrin (pTMPyPP4) as a novel non-competitive inhibitor of human 20S proteasome. pTMPyPP4 inhibition mechanism implies a positive cooperative binding to proteasome, which disappears when a permanently open proteasome mutant (α-3ΔN) is used, supporting the hypothesis that the events associated with allosteric proteasome inhibition by pTMPyPP4 interfere with 20S gating and affect its "open-closed" equilibrium. Therefore, we propose that the spatial distribution of the negatively charged residues responsible for the interaction with regulatory particles at the α-ring surface of human 20S may be exploited as a blueprint for the design of allosteric proteasome regulators

Electrostatic Map of Proteasome α-Rings Encodes the Design of Allosteric Porphyrin-Based Inhibitors Able to Affect 20S Conformation by Cooperative Binding

Dato, Antonio Di
Co-primo
;
Persico, Marco;Fattorusso, Caterina
Penultimo
;
2017

Abstract

The importance of allosteric proteasome inhibition in the treatment of cancer is becoming increasingly evident. Motivated by this urgent therapeutic need, we have recently identified cationic porphyrins as a highly versatile class of molecules able to regulate proteasome activity by interfering with gating mechanisms. In the present study, the mapping of electrostatic contacts bridging the regulatory particles with the α-rings of the human 20S proteasome led us to the identification of (meso-tetrakis(4-N-methylphenyl pyridyl)-porphyrin (pTMPyPP4) as a novel non-competitive inhibitor of human 20S proteasome. pTMPyPP4 inhibition mechanism implies a positive cooperative binding to proteasome, which disappears when a permanently open proteasome mutant (α-3ΔN) is used, supporting the hypothesis that the events associated with allosteric proteasome inhibition by pTMPyPP4 interfere with 20S gating and affect its "open-closed" equilibrium. Therefore, we propose that the spatial distribution of the negatively charged residues responsible for the interaction with regulatory particles at the α-ring surface of human 20S may be exploited as a blueprint for the design of allosteric proteasome regulators
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/698155
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