Deposition of copper on titanium dioxide holds great promise in producing materials with high activity in the photo-production of hydrogen by aqueous reforming of alcohols. This work aims at comparing hydrogen evolution through photoreforming of alcohols over photocatalysts prepared by in situ photodeposition of copper on three TiO2 commercial samples (P25, pure anatase, and pure rutile). The adoption of a single catalyst preparation method and experimental setup allowed to unequivocally ascribe the differences in hydrogen evolution to surface properties of the TiO2 sample tested, thus overcoming the major constraints found in the literature. The resulting samples were extensively characterized by several complementary techniques. Correlations between hydrogen production rates and physical-chemical properties of the samples are discussed. The analyses highlight the major role played by physical size and surface properties of TiO2 particles in determining the morphology, the dispersion of zero-valent copper nanoparticles on the TiO2 surface and, ultimately, the photocatalytic performances. Understanding the correlation between properties and photocatalytic response of copper-modified TiO2 nanoparticles acts as a remarkable lever for the future development of new TiO2-based materials exhibiting high efficiency for hydrogen generation under UV–visible light irradiation.

Effect of surface properties of copper-modified commercial titanium dioxide photocatalysts on hydrogen production through photoreforming of alcohols

L. Clarizia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. Vitiello
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
B. Silvestri
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
S. Lettieri
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. Luciani
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
R. Andreozzi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
M. Pasqualino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
R. Marotta
Membro del Collaboration Group
2017

Abstract

Deposition of copper on titanium dioxide holds great promise in producing materials with high activity in the photo-production of hydrogen by aqueous reforming of alcohols. This work aims at comparing hydrogen evolution through photoreforming of alcohols over photocatalysts prepared by in situ photodeposition of copper on three TiO2 commercial samples (P25, pure anatase, and pure rutile). The adoption of a single catalyst preparation method and experimental setup allowed to unequivocally ascribe the differences in hydrogen evolution to surface properties of the TiO2 sample tested, thus overcoming the major constraints found in the literature. The resulting samples were extensively characterized by several complementary techniques. Correlations between hydrogen production rates and physical-chemical properties of the samples are discussed. The analyses highlight the major role played by physical size and surface properties of TiO2 particles in determining the morphology, the dispersion of zero-valent copper nanoparticles on the TiO2 surface and, ultimately, the photocatalytic performances. Understanding the correlation between properties and photocatalytic response of copper-modified TiO2 nanoparticles acts as a remarkable lever for the future development of new TiO2-based materials exhibiting high efficiency for hydrogen generation under UV–visible light irradiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/697533
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