Hydrophobins are amphiphilic fungal proteins endowed with peculiar characteristics, such as a high surface activity and an interface triggered self-assembly. Several applications of these proteins have been proposed in the food, cosmetics and biomedical fields.Moreover, their use as proteinaceous coatings can be effective for materials and nanomaterials applications. The discovery of novel hydrophobins with diverse properties may be advantageous from both the scientific and industrial points of view. Stressful environmental conditions of fungal growth may induce the production of proteins with peculiar features. Two Class I hydrophobins from fungi isolated from marine environment have been recently purified. Herein, their propensity to aggregate forming nanometric fibrillar structures has been compared, using different techniques, such as circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering and Thioflavin T fluorescence assay. Furthermore, TEM and AFM images indicate that the interaction of these proteins with specific surfaces, are crucial in the formation of amyloid fibrils and in the assembly morphologies. These self-assembling proteins show promising properties as bio-coating for different materials via a green process.

Self-assembly of two hydrophobins from marine fungi affected by interaction with surfaces

CICATIELLO, PAOLA;DARDANO, PRINCIPIA;PIROZZI, Marinella;GRAVAGNUOLO, ALFREDO MARIA;DE STEFANO, Luca;GIARDINA, PAOLA
2017

Abstract

Hydrophobins are amphiphilic fungal proteins endowed with peculiar characteristics, such as a high surface activity and an interface triggered self-assembly. Several applications of these proteins have been proposed in the food, cosmetics and biomedical fields.Moreover, their use as proteinaceous coatings can be effective for materials and nanomaterials applications. The discovery of novel hydrophobins with diverse properties may be advantageous from both the scientific and industrial points of view. Stressful environmental conditions of fungal growth may induce the production of proteins with peculiar features. Two Class I hydrophobins from fungi isolated from marine environment have been recently purified. Herein, their propensity to aggregate forming nanometric fibrillar structures has been compared, using different techniques, such as circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering and Thioflavin T fluorescence assay. Furthermore, TEM and AFM images indicate that the interaction of these proteins with specific surfaces, are crucial in the formation of amyloid fibrils and in the assembly morphologies. These self-assembling proteins show promising properties as bio-coating for different materials via a green process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/688227
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