Adrenal mass (AM) is a common incidental finding detected during radiological investigations with an estimated incidence of 4%. Subjects with AM do not show any physical signs of adrenal hormonal excess, although they are often insulin resistant. Interestingly, apparently nonfunctioning AMs are often associated with a high prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic syndrome. However, it is unclear whether AM develops from a primary IR and compensatory hyperinsulinemia or whether IR is only secondary to the slight cortisol hypersecretion by AM. Further, the degree of IR has been directly reported to correlate to the size of AM, thus allowing one to hypothesize that compensatory hyperinsulinemia to IR could be mitogenic on the adrenal cortex acting through the activation of insulin and insulinlike growth factor 1 receptors. Thus, the aim of the present article is to review the current evidence on the link between AM and compensatory hyperinsulinemia to IR.

Adrenal Mass: Insight Into Pathogenesis and a Common Link With Insulin Resistance

Muscogiuri, Giovanna;DE MARTINO, MARIA CRISTINA;PIVONELLO, CLAUDIA;SIMEOLI, CHIARA;ORIO, FRANCESCO;PIVONELLO, ROSARIO;COLAO, ANNAMARIA
2017

Abstract

Adrenal mass (AM) is a common incidental finding detected during radiological investigations with an estimated incidence of 4%. Subjects with AM do not show any physical signs of adrenal hormonal excess, although they are often insulin resistant. Interestingly, apparently nonfunctioning AMs are often associated with a high prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic syndrome. However, it is unclear whether AM develops from a primary IR and compensatory hyperinsulinemia or whether IR is only secondary to the slight cortisol hypersecretion by AM. Further, the degree of IR has been directly reported to correlate to the size of AM, thus allowing one to hypothesize that compensatory hyperinsulinemia to IR could be mitogenic on the adrenal cortex acting through the activation of insulin and insulinlike growth factor 1 receptors. Thus, the aim of the present article is to review the current evidence on the link between AM and compensatory hyperinsulinemia to IR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/680746
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