A computational thermofluid-dynamic model of hybrid rocket internal ballistics is developed. Numerical simulations of the flowfield in a laboratory small-scale hybrid rocket motor, operated with gaseous oxygen and high-density polyethylene propellants, are carried out with the aim of predicting the solid fuel regression rate experimentally achieved with two different oxidizer injectors. The fuel regression rate is the main parameter for the hybrid rocket design. Here, it is calculated with a detailed gas/surface interface characterization based on local mass and energy balances. The combustion of oxygen and gaseous ethylene injected from the fuel wall is modeled by means of the probability-density-function approach coupled to chemical equilibrium. Two oxidizer-injection configurations, which generate either a two-dimensional axially symmetric or three-dimensional flowfield, are analyzed. The local regression rate is evaluated along both the fuel grain axis and inner circumference in the three-dimensional case, as well as at several stages in the firing, by updating the local port diameter, which is thus not assumed constant. Data retrieved from three firing tests are compared with the numerical results, revealing good agreement between both the average regression rates (maximum deviation less than 5%) and the fuel consumption axial profiles (with maximum deviation of 14%)

Transient Computational Thermofluid-Dynamic Simulation of Hybrid Rocket Internal Ballistics / DI MARTINO, GIUSEPPE DANIELE; Carmicino, Carmine; Savino, Raffaele. - In: JOURNAL OF PROPULSION AND POWER. - ISSN 0748-4658. - 33:6(2017), pp. 1395-1409. [10.2514/1.B36425]

Transient Computational Thermofluid-Dynamic Simulation of Hybrid Rocket Internal Ballistics

DI MARTINO, GIUSEPPE DANIELE;CARMICINO, CARMINE;SAVINO, RAFFAELE
2017

Abstract

A computational thermofluid-dynamic model of hybrid rocket internal ballistics is developed. Numerical simulations of the flowfield in a laboratory small-scale hybrid rocket motor, operated with gaseous oxygen and high-density polyethylene propellants, are carried out with the aim of predicting the solid fuel regression rate experimentally achieved with two different oxidizer injectors. The fuel regression rate is the main parameter for the hybrid rocket design. Here, it is calculated with a detailed gas/surface interface characterization based on local mass and energy balances. The combustion of oxygen and gaseous ethylene injected from the fuel wall is modeled by means of the probability-density-function approach coupled to chemical equilibrium. Two oxidizer-injection configurations, which generate either a two-dimensional axially symmetric or three-dimensional flowfield, are analyzed. The local regression rate is evaluated along both the fuel grain axis and inner circumference in the three-dimensional case, as well as at several stages in the firing, by updating the local port diameter, which is thus not assumed constant. Data retrieved from three firing tests are compared with the numerical results, revealing good agreement between both the average regression rates (maximum deviation less than 5%) and the fuel consumption axial profiles (with maximum deviation of 14%)
2017
Transient Computational Thermofluid-Dynamic Simulation of Hybrid Rocket Internal Ballistics / DI MARTINO, GIUSEPPE DANIELE; Carmicino, Carmine; Savino, Raffaele. - In: JOURNAL OF PROPULSION AND POWER. - ISSN 0748-4658. - 33:6(2017), pp. 1395-1409. [10.2514/1.B36425]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/674946
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