In the last decade, the use of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) as passive thermal energy storage has been widely studied both analytically and experimentally. Among the PCMs, paraffins show many advantages, such as having a high latent heat, a low vapour pressure, being chemically inert, stable and non-toxic. But, their thermal conductivity is very low with a high volume change during the melting process. An efficient way to increase their poor thermal conductivity is to couple them with open cells metallic foams. This paper deals with a theoretical analysis of paraffin melting process inside an aluminum foam. A mathematical model is developed by using the volume-averaged governing equations for the porous domain, made up by the PCM embedded into the metal foam. Non-Darcian and buoyancy effects are considered in the momentum equation, while the energy equations are modelled with the Local Thermal Non-Equilibrium (LTNE) approach. The PCM liquefaction is treated with the apparent heat capacity method and the governing equations are solved with a finite-element scheme by COMSOL Multiphysics. A new method to calculate the coupling coefficients needed for the thermal model has been developed and the results obtained have been validated comparing them to experimental data in literature.

Numerical Analysis of a Paraffin/Metal Foam Composite for Thermal Storage / Di Giorgio, P; Iasiello, Marcello; Viglione, A; Mameli, M; Filippeschi, S; Di Marco, P; Andreozzi, Assunta; Bianco, Nicola. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - 796:(2017), p. 012032. [10.1088/1742-6596/796/1/012032]

Numerical Analysis of a Paraffin/Metal Foam Composite for Thermal Storage

IASIELLO, MARCELLO;ANDREOZZI, ASSUNTA;BIANCO, NICOLA
2017

Abstract

In the last decade, the use of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) as passive thermal energy storage has been widely studied both analytically and experimentally. Among the PCMs, paraffins show many advantages, such as having a high latent heat, a low vapour pressure, being chemically inert, stable and non-toxic. But, their thermal conductivity is very low with a high volume change during the melting process. An efficient way to increase their poor thermal conductivity is to couple them with open cells metallic foams. This paper deals with a theoretical analysis of paraffin melting process inside an aluminum foam. A mathematical model is developed by using the volume-averaged governing equations for the porous domain, made up by the PCM embedded into the metal foam. Non-Darcian and buoyancy effects are considered in the momentum equation, while the energy equations are modelled with the Local Thermal Non-Equilibrium (LTNE) approach. The PCM liquefaction is treated with the apparent heat capacity method and the governing equations are solved with a finite-element scheme by COMSOL Multiphysics. A new method to calculate the coupling coefficients needed for the thermal model has been developed and the results obtained have been validated comparing them to experimental data in literature.
2017
Numerical Analysis of a Paraffin/Metal Foam Composite for Thermal Storage / Di Giorgio, P; Iasiello, Marcello; Viglione, A; Mameli, M; Filippeschi, S; Di Marco, P; Andreozzi, Assunta; Bianco, Nicola. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONFERENCE SERIES. - ISSN 1742-6588. - 796:(2017), p. 012032. [10.1088/1742-6596/796/1/012032]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/673845
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