Tomato is a major crop in the Mediterranean basin, where the cultivation in the open field is often vulnerable to drought. In order to adapt and survive to naturally occurring cycles of drought stress and recovery, plants employ a coordinated array of physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses. Transcriptomic studies on tomato responses to drought and subsequent recovery are few in number. As the search for novel traits to improve the genetic tolerance to drought increases, a better understanding of these responses is required. To address this need we designed a study in which we induced two cycles of prolonged drought stress and a single recovery by rewatering in tomato. In order to dissect the complexity of plant responses to drought, we analyzed the physiological responses (stomatal conductance, CO2 assimilation, and chlorophyll fluorescence), abscisic acid (ABA), and proline contents. In addition to the physiological and metabolite assays, we generated transcriptomes for multiple points during the stress and recovery cycles. Cluster analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the conditions has revealed potential novel components in stress response. The observed reduction in leaf gas exchanges and efficiency of the photosystem PSII was concomitant with a general down-regulation of genes belonging to the photosynthesis, light harvesting, and photosystem I and II category induced by drought stress. Gene ontology (GO) categories such as cell proliferation and cell cycle were also significantly enriched in the down-regulated fraction of genes upon drought stress, which may contribute to explain the observed growth reduction. Several histone variants were also repressed during drought stress, indicating that chromatin associated processes are also affected by drought. As expected, ABA accumulated after prolonged water deficit, driving the observed enrichment of stress related GOs in the up-regulated gene fractions, which included transcripts putatively involved in stomatal movements. This transcriptomic study has yielded promising candidate genes that merit further functional studies to confirm their involvement in drought tolerance and recovery. Together, our results contribute to a better understanding of the coordinated responses taking place under drought stress and recovery in adult plants of tomato.

Transcriptomic Changes Drive Physiological Responses to Progressive Drought Stress and Rehydration in Tomato / Iovieno, Paolo; Punzo, Paola; Guida, Gianpiero; Mistretta, Carmela; VAN OOSTEN, MICHAEL JAMES; Nurcato, Roberta; Bostan, Hamed; Colantuono, Chiara; Costa, Antonello; Bagnaresi, Paolo; Chiusano, MARIA LUISA; Albrizio, Rossella; Giorio, Pasquale; Batelli, Giorgia; Grillo, Stefania. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 7:(2016), p. 371. [10.3389/fpls.2016.00371]

Transcriptomic Changes Drive Physiological Responses to Progressive Drought Stress and Rehydration in Tomato

Iovieno, Paolo;PUNZO, PAOLA;Guida, Gianpiero;MISTRETTA, CARMELA;VAN OOSTEN, MICHAEL JAMES;BOSTAN, HAMED;COLANTUONO, CHIARA;COSTA, ANTONELLO;CHIUSANO, MARIA LUISA;BATELLI, GIORGIA;
2016

Abstract

Tomato is a major crop in the Mediterranean basin, where the cultivation in the open field is often vulnerable to drought. In order to adapt and survive to naturally occurring cycles of drought stress and recovery, plants employ a coordinated array of physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses. Transcriptomic studies on tomato responses to drought and subsequent recovery are few in number. As the search for novel traits to improve the genetic tolerance to drought increases, a better understanding of these responses is required. To address this need we designed a study in which we induced two cycles of prolonged drought stress and a single recovery by rewatering in tomato. In order to dissect the complexity of plant responses to drought, we analyzed the physiological responses (stomatal conductance, CO2 assimilation, and chlorophyll fluorescence), abscisic acid (ABA), and proline contents. In addition to the physiological and metabolite assays, we generated transcriptomes for multiple points during the stress and recovery cycles. Cluster analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the conditions has revealed potential novel components in stress response. The observed reduction in leaf gas exchanges and efficiency of the photosystem PSII was concomitant with a general down-regulation of genes belonging to the photosynthesis, light harvesting, and photosystem I and II category induced by drought stress. Gene ontology (GO) categories such as cell proliferation and cell cycle were also significantly enriched in the down-regulated fraction of genes upon drought stress, which may contribute to explain the observed growth reduction. Several histone variants were also repressed during drought stress, indicating that chromatin associated processes are also affected by drought. As expected, ABA accumulated after prolonged water deficit, driving the observed enrichment of stress related GOs in the up-regulated gene fractions, which included transcripts putatively involved in stomatal movements. This transcriptomic study has yielded promising candidate genes that merit further functional studies to confirm their involvement in drought tolerance and recovery. Together, our results contribute to a better understanding of the coordinated responses taking place under drought stress and recovery in adult plants of tomato.
2016
Transcriptomic Changes Drive Physiological Responses to Progressive Drought Stress and Rehydration in Tomato / Iovieno, Paolo; Punzo, Paola; Guida, Gianpiero; Mistretta, Carmela; VAN OOSTEN, MICHAEL JAMES; Nurcato, Roberta; Bostan, Hamed; Colantuono, Chiara; Costa, Antonello; Bagnaresi, Paolo; Chiusano, MARIA LUISA; Albrizio, Rossella; Giorio, Pasquale; Batelli, Giorgia; Grillo, Stefania. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 7:(2016), p. 371. [10.3389/fpls.2016.00371]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/672443
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