This study investigated effects of chemical pretreatment with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) on methane yields of rice straw, cocoa bean shell, and hazelnut skin. Three lignocellulosic materials were separately pretreated with NMMO at 120C for 3 h. Subsequently, batch biomethane production tests were performed under mesophilic (37C – 2C) conditions, also with the untreated feedstocks, to provide methane production baseline data. Pretreatment was particularly effective for rice straw, with an 82% increased biomethane production yield from 206mL CH4/g volatile solids (VS) obtained with the untreated substrate. A lower enhancement of the biomethane yield from 199 to 226mL CH4/g VS (i.e., 14% increase) was observed for cocoa shell. For hazelnut skin, NMMO pretreatment resulted in a faster digestion rate in the initial 7 days, increasing the biomethane yield from 17 to 27mL CH4/g VS$day. However, the cumulative biomethane yield after 40 days was not affected by NMMO pretreatment.

Effect of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide Pretreatment on Biogas Production from Rice Straw, Cocoa Shell, and Hazelnut Skin / Mancini, Gabriele; Papirio, Stefano; Lens, Piet N. L.; Esposito, Giovanni. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE. - ISSN 1092-8758. - 33:11(2016), pp. 843-850. [10.1089/ees.2016.0138]

Effect of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide Pretreatment on Biogas Production from Rice Straw, Cocoa Shell, and Hazelnut Skin

PAPIRIO, Stefano;Esposito, Giovanni
2016

Abstract

This study investigated effects of chemical pretreatment with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) on methane yields of rice straw, cocoa bean shell, and hazelnut skin. Three lignocellulosic materials were separately pretreated with NMMO at 120C for 3 h. Subsequently, batch biomethane production tests were performed under mesophilic (37C – 2C) conditions, also with the untreated feedstocks, to provide methane production baseline data. Pretreatment was particularly effective for rice straw, with an 82% increased biomethane production yield from 206mL CH4/g volatile solids (VS) obtained with the untreated substrate. A lower enhancement of the biomethane yield from 199 to 226mL CH4/g VS (i.e., 14% increase) was observed for cocoa shell. For hazelnut skin, NMMO pretreatment resulted in a faster digestion rate in the initial 7 days, increasing the biomethane yield from 17 to 27mL CH4/g VS$day. However, the cumulative biomethane yield after 40 days was not affected by NMMO pretreatment.
2016
Effect of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide Pretreatment on Biogas Production from Rice Straw, Cocoa Shell, and Hazelnut Skin / Mancini, Gabriele; Papirio, Stefano; Lens, Piet N. L.; Esposito, Giovanni. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE. - ISSN 1092-8758. - 33:11(2016), pp. 843-850. [10.1089/ees.2016.0138]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/662188
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