Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small part of the heterogeneous tumor cell population possessing self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential as well as a great ability to sustain tumorigenesis. The molecular pathways underlying CSC phenotype are not yet well characterized. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNAs that play a powerful role in biological processes. Early studies have linked miRs to the control of self-renewal and differentiation in normal and cancer stem cells. We aimed to study the functional role of miRs in human breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), also named mammospheres. We found that miR-221 was upregulated in BCSCs compared to their differentiated counterpart. Similarly, mammospheres from T47D cells had an increased level of miR-221 compared to differentiated cells. Transfection of miR-221 in T47D cells increased the number of mammospheres and the expression of stem cell markers. Among miR-221's targets, we identified DNMT3b. Furthermore, in BCSCs we found that DNMT3b repressed the expression of various stemness genes, such as Nanog and Oct 3/4, acting on the methylation of their promoters, partially reverting the effect of miR-221 on stemness. We hypothesize that miR-221 contributes to breast cancer tumorigenicity by regulating stemness, at least in part through the control of DNMT3b expression.

MiR-221 promotes stemness of breast cancer cells by targeting DNMT3b / Roscigno, Giuseppina; Quintavalle, Cristina; Donnarumma, Elvira; Puoti, I; Diaz Lagares, A; Iaboni, Margherita; Fiore, Danilo; Russo, V; Todaro, M; Romano, G; Thomas, R; Cortino, G; Gaggianesi, M; Esteller, M; Croce, Cm; Condorelli, Gerolama. - In: ONCOTARGET. - ISSN 1949-2553. - 5;7(1):(2016), pp. 580-592. [doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.5979]

MiR-221 promotes stemness of breast cancer cells by targeting DNMT3b

ROSCIGNO, GIUSEPPINA;QUINTAVALLE, CRISTINA;DONNARUMMA, ELVIRA;IABONI, MARGHERITA;FIORE, DANILO;CONDORELLI, GEROLAMA
2016

Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a small part of the heterogeneous tumor cell population possessing self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential as well as a great ability to sustain tumorigenesis. The molecular pathways underlying CSC phenotype are not yet well characterized. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNAs that play a powerful role in biological processes. Early studies have linked miRs to the control of self-renewal and differentiation in normal and cancer stem cells. We aimed to study the functional role of miRs in human breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), also named mammospheres. We found that miR-221 was upregulated in BCSCs compared to their differentiated counterpart. Similarly, mammospheres from T47D cells had an increased level of miR-221 compared to differentiated cells. Transfection of miR-221 in T47D cells increased the number of mammospheres and the expression of stem cell markers. Among miR-221's targets, we identified DNMT3b. Furthermore, in BCSCs we found that DNMT3b repressed the expression of various stemness genes, such as Nanog and Oct 3/4, acting on the methylation of their promoters, partially reverting the effect of miR-221 on stemness. We hypothesize that miR-221 contributes to breast cancer tumorigenicity by regulating stemness, at least in part through the control of DNMT3b expression.
2016
MiR-221 promotes stemness of breast cancer cells by targeting DNMT3b / Roscigno, Giuseppina; Quintavalle, Cristina; Donnarumma, Elvira; Puoti, I; Diaz Lagares, A; Iaboni, Margherita; Fiore, Danilo; Russo, V; Todaro, M; Romano, G; Thomas, R; Cortino, G; Gaggianesi, M; Esteller, M; Croce, Cm; Condorelli, Gerolama. - In: ONCOTARGET. - ISSN 1949-2553. - 5;7(1):(2016), pp. 580-592. [doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.5979]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/661671
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