Breast Capsular Contracture (BCC) is one of the adverse complications occurring with greater incidence in breast augmentation surgical procedures. Its formation can be interpreted as the conclusive result of the physiological process known as response to a foreign body. From a biochemical standpoint, the formation of the peri-prosthetic capsule is certainly a multifactorial process: many hypotheses concerning its etiology have been suggested in the literature and a number of related pharmacological protocols have been consequently proposed to clinically treat this pathology with the aim to prevent further complications and avoid future re-interventions. However, the vast majority of these theories seems to be only partially supported by clinical outcomes and thus a shared opinion on this matter is still absent among specialists. Within this framework, by starting from clinical observations which highlighted an unexpected correlation between histo-morphological features of fibrotic capsules and overall size of breast implants, the present study investigates the hypothesis that the biomechanical interaction between prosthesis and host tissue may play a crucial role in the biological processes governing the pathological phenomenon at hand. Therefore, to shed light on the underlying mechanisms which could trigger the breast capsular contracture, both simple analytical solutions, in which elasticity and growth are simultaneously taken into account, and more accurate geometrically faithful Finite Element-based numerical simulations have been exploited. The theoretical findings demonstrate that somehow counter-intuitive radial and hoop stress fields occur at the capsula-implant interface in a way such that their combined action, independently from other possible concurrent factors, results significantly amplified for small-size breast prostheses, localized stress peaks in these cases promoting detaching and rippling phenomena actually observed in BCC clinical complications.

Stealthy role of size-driven stresses in biomechanics of breast implants capsular contracture / Fraldi, Massimiliano; Esposito, Luca; Cutolo, Arsenio; Carotenuto, ANGELO ROSARIO; Adamo, Ciro; Molea, Guido. - In: JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 1751-6161. - 64:(2016), pp. 199-208. [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.07.028]

Stealthy role of size-driven stresses in biomechanics of breast implants capsular contracture

FRALDI, MASSIMILIANO;ESPOSITO, LUCA;CUTOLO, ARSENIO;CAROTENUTO, ANGELO ROSARIO;MOLEA, GUIDO
2016

Abstract

Breast Capsular Contracture (BCC) is one of the adverse complications occurring with greater incidence in breast augmentation surgical procedures. Its formation can be interpreted as the conclusive result of the physiological process known as response to a foreign body. From a biochemical standpoint, the formation of the peri-prosthetic capsule is certainly a multifactorial process: many hypotheses concerning its etiology have been suggested in the literature and a number of related pharmacological protocols have been consequently proposed to clinically treat this pathology with the aim to prevent further complications and avoid future re-interventions. However, the vast majority of these theories seems to be only partially supported by clinical outcomes and thus a shared opinion on this matter is still absent among specialists. Within this framework, by starting from clinical observations which highlighted an unexpected correlation between histo-morphological features of fibrotic capsules and overall size of breast implants, the present study investigates the hypothesis that the biomechanical interaction between prosthesis and host tissue may play a crucial role in the biological processes governing the pathological phenomenon at hand. Therefore, to shed light on the underlying mechanisms which could trigger the breast capsular contracture, both simple analytical solutions, in which elasticity and growth are simultaneously taken into account, and more accurate geometrically faithful Finite Element-based numerical simulations have been exploited. The theoretical findings demonstrate that somehow counter-intuitive radial and hoop stress fields occur at the capsula-implant interface in a way such that their combined action, independently from other possible concurrent factors, results significantly amplified for small-size breast prostheses, localized stress peaks in these cases promoting detaching and rippling phenomena actually observed in BCC clinical complications.
2016
Stealthy role of size-driven stresses in biomechanics of breast implants capsular contracture / Fraldi, Massimiliano; Esposito, Luca; Cutolo, Arsenio; Carotenuto, ANGELO ROSARIO; Adamo, Ciro; Molea, Guido. - In: JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS. - ISSN 1751-6161. - 64:(2016), pp. 199-208. [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.07.028]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/658971
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