OBJECTIVES: The primary role of environment on Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) onset has been recently stressed. We aimed to investigate the impact of environmental factors in an IBD pediatric cohort. METHODS: A total of 467 subjects (264 IBD and 203 controls) were enrolled. All patients underwent a questionnaire including 5 different groups of environmental risk factors: family history of IBD and autoimmune diseases, perinatal period, home amenities and domestic hygiene, childhood diseases and vaccinations, diet. RESULTS: In a multivariate model, mother's degree (OR: 5.5; 2.5-11.6), duration of breast feeding >3 month (OR: 4.3; 1.6-10.5), father's employment (OR: 3.7; 1.2-8.7), gluten introduction <6 month (OR: 2.8; 1.5-5), number of siblings <2 (OR: 2.8; 1.5-5.3) and family history of autoimmune diseases (OR: 2.7; 1-4-5.3) were significant risk factors for CD. Low adherence to Mediterranean diet (OR: 2.3; 1.2-4.5), gluten introduction <6 month (OR: 2.8; 1.6-4.9) and number of siblings <2 (OR: 2; 1.1-3.6) were significant risk factors for UC. Owning pets (OR: 0.3; 0.1-0.7) and bed sharing (OR: 0.2; 0.1-0.6) were protective factors for CD, while owning pets (OR: 0.4; 0.2-0.8) and family parasitosis (OR: 0.07; 0.01-0.4) resulted protective factors for UC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that environmental factors are closely linked to IBD onset and may partly explain IBD rise in developed countries.

Impact of Environmental and Familial Factors in a Cohort of Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease / Strisciuglio, Caterina; Giugliano, FRANCESCA PAOLA; Martinelli, Massimo; Cenni, Sabrina; Greco, Luigi; Staiano, Annamaria; Miele, Erasmo. - In: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0277-2116. - (2016), p. 1. [10.1097/MPG.0000000000001297]

Impact of Environmental and Familial Factors in a Cohort of Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

STRISCIUGLIO, CATERINA;GIUGLIANO, FRANCESCA PAOLA;MARTINELLI, MASSIMO;GRECO, LUIGI;STAIANO, ANNAMARIA;MIELE, ERASMO
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The primary role of environment on Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) onset has been recently stressed. We aimed to investigate the impact of environmental factors in an IBD pediatric cohort. METHODS: A total of 467 subjects (264 IBD and 203 controls) were enrolled. All patients underwent a questionnaire including 5 different groups of environmental risk factors: family history of IBD and autoimmune diseases, perinatal period, home amenities and domestic hygiene, childhood diseases and vaccinations, diet. RESULTS: In a multivariate model, mother's degree (OR: 5.5; 2.5-11.6), duration of breast feeding >3 month (OR: 4.3; 1.6-10.5), father's employment (OR: 3.7; 1.2-8.7), gluten introduction <6 month (OR: 2.8; 1.5-5), number of siblings <2 (OR: 2.8; 1.5-5.3) and family history of autoimmune diseases (OR: 2.7; 1-4-5.3) were significant risk factors for CD. Low adherence to Mediterranean diet (OR: 2.3; 1.2-4.5), gluten introduction <6 month (OR: 2.8; 1.6-4.9) and number of siblings <2 (OR: 2; 1.1-3.6) were significant risk factors for UC. Owning pets (OR: 0.3; 0.1-0.7) and bed sharing (OR: 0.2; 0.1-0.6) were protective factors for CD, while owning pets (OR: 0.4; 0.2-0.8) and family parasitosis (OR: 0.07; 0.01-0.4) resulted protective factors for UC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that environmental factors are closely linked to IBD onset and may partly explain IBD rise in developed countries.
2016
Impact of Environmental and Familial Factors in a Cohort of Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease / Strisciuglio, Caterina; Giugliano, FRANCESCA PAOLA; Martinelli, Massimo; Cenni, Sabrina; Greco, Luigi; Staiano, Annamaria; Miele, Erasmo. - In: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0277-2116. - (2016), p. 1. [10.1097/MPG.0000000000001297]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/654993
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