Nowadays, microfluidic channels of a few tens of micrometers are required and widely used in many fields, especially for surface-processing applications and miniaturization of biological assays. Herein, we selected micromilling as a low-cost technology and proposed an approach capable of overcoming its limitations; in fact, microstructures below 20-30 m in depth are difficult to obtain, and the manufacturing error is rather high, as it is inversely proportional to the depth. Indeed, the proposed method uses a confined dehydration process of a patterned gelatin substrate fabricated via replica molding onto a micromilled poly(methyl methacrylate) substrate to produce a gelatin master with demonstrated final micrometric features down to 3 m for the channel depth and, in specific configurations, down to 5 m for the channel width. Finally, we demonstrated the ability to flux liquids in miniaturized microfluidic devices and fabricated and tested - as an example - micrometric microstructures arrays connected via microchannels for biological assays

Confined Gelatin Dehydration as a Viable Route to Go beyond Micromilling Resolution and Miniaturize Biological Assays

FALANGA, ANDREA PATRIZIA;GUARNIERI, DANIELA;NETTI, PAOLO ANTONIO
2016

Abstract

Nowadays, microfluidic channels of a few tens of micrometers are required and widely used in many fields, especially for surface-processing applications and miniaturization of biological assays. Herein, we selected micromilling as a low-cost technology and proposed an approach capable of overcoming its limitations; in fact, microstructures below 20-30 m in depth are difficult to obtain, and the manufacturing error is rather high, as it is inversely proportional to the depth. Indeed, the proposed method uses a confined dehydration process of a patterned gelatin substrate fabricated via replica molding onto a micromilled poly(methyl methacrylate) substrate to produce a gelatin master with demonstrated final micrometric features down to 3 m for the channel depth and, in specific configurations, down to 5 m for the channel width. Finally, we demonstrated the ability to flux liquids in miniaturized microfluidic devices and fabricated and tested - as an example - micrometric microstructures arrays connected via microchannels for biological assays
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/642791
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