Aims: Novolimus, a macrocyclic lactone with anti-proliferative properties, has a similar efficacy to currently available agents; however it requires a lower dose, and less polymer, and is therefore conceivably safer. Methods and results: The EXCELLA II study was a prospective, multicentre, single-blind, non-inferiority clinical trial which randomised 210 patients with a maximum of two de novo coronary artery lesions in two different epicardial vessels in a ratio of 2:1 to treatment with either the Elixir DESyne Novolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System (NES n=139, Elixir Medical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) or the Endeavor zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES n=71, Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA, USA). The primary endpoint was in-stent mean late lumen loss (LLL) at 9-months follow-up. In-stent percent volume obstruction (%VO) was measured in a sub-group of 65 patients having 9-month intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) follow-up. Clinical secondary endpoints included a device orientated composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation (CI-TLR) assessed at 9-months follow-up. At 9-months, the in-stent LLL was 0.11±0.32 mm in the NES arm, as compared to 0.63±0.42 mm in the ZES (p<0.0001 non-inferiority, p<0.0001 superiority). In-stent%VO was 4.5±5.1% and 20.9±11.3% for NES and ZES, respectively (p<0.001). There was no significant difference between stent groups in the device orientated composite endpoint (NES 2.9% vs. ZES 5.6%, -2.8% [-8.8%, 3.3%], p=0.45) or its individual components of cardiac death, target vessel MI and CI-TLR. Conclusions: This non-inferiority randomised study not only met its primary endpoint, but also demonstrated superiority of NES compared to the ZES in terms of in-stent LLL. © Europa Edition 2010. All rights reserved.

A randomised comparison of novolimus-eluting and zotarolimus-eluting coronary stents: 9-Month follow-up results of the EXCELLA II study

BARBATO, EMANUELE;
2010

Abstract

Aims: Novolimus, a macrocyclic lactone with anti-proliferative properties, has a similar efficacy to currently available agents; however it requires a lower dose, and less polymer, and is therefore conceivably safer. Methods and results: The EXCELLA II study was a prospective, multicentre, single-blind, non-inferiority clinical trial which randomised 210 patients with a maximum of two de novo coronary artery lesions in two different epicardial vessels in a ratio of 2:1 to treatment with either the Elixir DESyne Novolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System (NES n=139, Elixir Medical, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) or the Endeavor zotarolimus eluting stent (ZES n=71, Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA, USA). The primary endpoint was in-stent mean late lumen loss (LLL) at 9-months follow-up. In-stent percent volume obstruction (%VO) was measured in a sub-group of 65 patients having 9-month intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) follow-up. Clinical secondary endpoints included a device orientated composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically indicated target lesion revascularisation (CI-TLR) assessed at 9-months follow-up. At 9-months, the in-stent LLL was 0.11±0.32 mm in the NES arm, as compared to 0.63±0.42 mm in the ZES (p<0.0001 non-inferiority, p<0.0001 superiority). In-stent%VO was 4.5±5.1% and 20.9±11.3% for NES and ZES, respectively (p<0.001). There was no significant difference between stent groups in the device orientated composite endpoint (NES 2.9% vs. ZES 5.6%, -2.8% [-8.8%, 3.3%], p=0.45) or its individual components of cardiac death, target vessel MI and CI-TLR. Conclusions: This non-inferiority randomised study not only met its primary endpoint, but also demonstrated superiority of NES compared to the ZES in terms of in-stent LLL. © Europa Edition 2010. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/637329
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