Fifteen polyketides, including the first hydroxylated plakortone (12) and plakdiepoxide (15), the first polyketide to embed a vicinal diepoxide, have been isolated from the Chinese sponge Plakortis simplex. The structures of the new metabolites were elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic data, Mosher’s derivatization and DFT computational calculations. The reactivity of the major endoperoxide of this sponge was investigated, suggesting that furan, furanylidene, and plakilactone derivatives, well known classes of natural products, could be actually chemical degradation products. Plakdiepoxide is a potent and selective modulator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, while the di-unsaturated C12 fatty acid monotriajaponide (13) activates both PPAR-α and PPAR-γ, a dual activity of potential great importance for the treatment of metabolic disorders.

PPAR modulating polyketides from a Chinese Plakortis simplex and clues on the origin of their chemodiversity

CHIANESE, GIUSEPPINA;SIRIGNANO, CARMINA;LUCIANO, PAOLO;TAGLIALATELA SCAFATI, ORAZIO
2016

Abstract

Fifteen polyketides, including the first hydroxylated plakortone (12) and plakdiepoxide (15), the first polyketide to embed a vicinal diepoxide, have been isolated from the Chinese sponge Plakortis simplex. The structures of the new metabolites were elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic data, Mosher’s derivatization and DFT computational calculations. The reactivity of the major endoperoxide of this sponge was investigated, suggesting that furan, furanylidene, and plakilactone derivatives, well known classes of natural products, could be actually chemical degradation products. Plakdiepoxide is a potent and selective modulator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, while the di-unsaturated C12 fatty acid monotriajaponide (13) activates both PPAR-α and PPAR-γ, a dual activity of potential great importance for the treatment of metabolic disorders.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/634634
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