Guest molecules, like cyclopentanone (CPO), N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,3-dioxolane (DOL), which are able to cocrystallize with poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA), can also generate high degree of crystalline phase orientation, by simple sorption in amorphous unoriented PLLA films. This crystalline phase orientation is defined as a∥c∥ (a-parallel, c-parallel) because the ac plane of most crystallites is preferentially parallel to the film plane. This crystalline phase orientation, which is achieved without stretching even for high thickness films, is unprecedented for PLLA and can be maintained after suitable guest exchange procedures. The reported results confirm the recent hypothesis that cocrystallization with low-molecular-mass guest molecules could be a common route for getting uniplanar orientations of polymer crystalline phases, even in the absence of stretching. Wide angle X- ray diffraction analyses of unoriented and oriented PLLA samples have allowed proposing the structure of the cocrystalline form of PLLA with CPO. In particular, four PLLA chains exhibiting the 10/7 helical conformation and 16 CPO guest molecules are packed according the space group P212121 in an orthorhombic lattice with a = 1.61 nm, b = 1.26 nm, and c = 2.90 nm. The presence in PLLA cocrystalline structures of dense bc layers with close-packed polymer helices allows an easy rationalization of the observed uniplanar orientation.

Poly(L‑lactic acid): Uniplanar Orientation in Cocrystalline Films and Structure of the Cocrystalline Form with Cyclopentanone

TARALLO, ORESTE;
2015

Abstract

Guest molecules, like cyclopentanone (CPO), N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 1,3-dioxolane (DOL), which are able to cocrystallize with poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA), can also generate high degree of crystalline phase orientation, by simple sorption in amorphous unoriented PLLA films. This crystalline phase orientation is defined as a∥c∥ (a-parallel, c-parallel) because the ac plane of most crystallites is preferentially parallel to the film plane. This crystalline phase orientation, which is achieved without stretching even for high thickness films, is unprecedented for PLLA and can be maintained after suitable guest exchange procedures. The reported results confirm the recent hypothesis that cocrystallization with low-molecular-mass guest molecules could be a common route for getting uniplanar orientations of polymer crystalline phases, even in the absence of stretching. Wide angle X- ray diffraction analyses of unoriented and oriented PLLA samples have allowed proposing the structure of the cocrystalline form of PLLA with CPO. In particular, four PLLA chains exhibiting the 10/7 helical conformation and 16 CPO guest molecules are packed according the space group P212121 in an orthorhombic lattice with a = 1.61 nm, b = 1.26 nm, and c = 2.90 nm. The presence in PLLA cocrystalline structures of dense bc layers with close-packed polymer helices allows an easy rationalization of the observed uniplanar orientation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/628363
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