NGF induces neuronal differentiation by modulating [Ca(2+)]i. However, the role of the three isoforms of the main Ca(2+)-extruding system, the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), in NGF-induced differentiation remains unexplored. We investigated whether NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3 isoforms could play a relevant role in neuronal differentiation through the modulation of [Ca(2+)]i and the Akt pathway. NGF caused progressive neurite elongation; a significant increase of the well known marker of growth cones, GAP-43; and an enhancement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) content and of Akt phosphorylation through an early activation of ERK1/2. Interestingly, during NGF-induced differentiation, the NCX1 protein level increased, NCX3 decreased, and NCX2 remained unaffected. At the same time, NCX total activity increased. Moreover, NCX1 colocalized and coimmunoprecipitated with GAP-43, and NCX1 silencing prevented NGF-induced effects on GAP-43 expression, Akt phosphorylation, and neurite outgrowth. On the other hand, the overexpression of its neuronal splicing isoform, NCX1.4, even in the absence of NGF, induced an increase in Akt phosphorylation and GAP-43 protein expression. Interestingly, tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na(+) currents and 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid, 4,4'-[1,4,10-trioxa-7,13-diazacyclopentadecane-7,13-diylbis(5-methoxy-6,12-benzofurandiyl)]bis-, tetrakis[(acetyloxy)methyl] ester-detected [Na(+)]i significantly increased in cells overexpressing NCX1.4 as well as ER Ca(2+) content. This latter effect was prevented by tetrodotoxin. Furthermore, either the [Ca(2+)]i chelator(1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid) (BAPTA-AM) or the PI3K inhibitor LY 294002 prevented Akt phosphorylation and GAP-43 protein expression rise in NCX1.4 overexpressing cells. Moreover, in primary cortical neurons, NCX1 silencing prevented Akt phosphorylation, GAP-43 and MAP2 overexpression, and neurite elongation. Collectively, these data show that NCX1 participates in neuronal differentiation through the modulation of ER Ca(2+) content and PI3K signaling.

Involvement of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger isoform 1 (NCX1) in neuronal growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation through Ca2+-dependent Akt phosphorylation

SECONDO, AGNESE;ESPOSITO, ALBA;SIRABELLA, ROSSANA;BOSCIA, FRANCESCA;PANNACCIONE, ANNA;MOLINARO, PASQUALE;CANTILE, MARIA;CICCONE, ROSELIA;SISALLI, MARIA JOSE';SCORZIELLO, ANTONELLA;DI RENZO, GIANFRANCO MARIA LUIGI;ANNUNZIATO, LUCIO
2015

Abstract

NGF induces neuronal differentiation by modulating [Ca(2+)]i. However, the role of the three isoforms of the main Ca(2+)-extruding system, the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), in NGF-induced differentiation remains unexplored. We investigated whether NCX1, NCX2, and NCX3 isoforms could play a relevant role in neuronal differentiation through the modulation of [Ca(2+)]i and the Akt pathway. NGF caused progressive neurite elongation; a significant increase of the well known marker of growth cones, GAP-43; and an enhancement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) content and of Akt phosphorylation through an early activation of ERK1/2. Interestingly, during NGF-induced differentiation, the NCX1 protein level increased, NCX3 decreased, and NCX2 remained unaffected. At the same time, NCX total activity increased. Moreover, NCX1 colocalized and coimmunoprecipitated with GAP-43, and NCX1 silencing prevented NGF-induced effects on GAP-43 expression, Akt phosphorylation, and neurite outgrowth. On the other hand, the overexpression of its neuronal splicing isoform, NCX1.4, even in the absence of NGF, induced an increase in Akt phosphorylation and GAP-43 protein expression. Interestingly, tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na(+) currents and 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid, 4,4'-[1,4,10-trioxa-7,13-diazacyclopentadecane-7,13-diylbis(5-methoxy-6,12-benzofurandiyl)]bis-, tetrakis[(acetyloxy)methyl] ester-detected [Na(+)]i significantly increased in cells overexpressing NCX1.4 as well as ER Ca(2+) content. This latter effect was prevented by tetrodotoxin. Furthermore, either the [Ca(2+)]i chelator(1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid) (BAPTA-AM) or the PI3K inhibitor LY 294002 prevented Akt phosphorylation and GAP-43 protein expression rise in NCX1.4 overexpressing cells. Moreover, in primary cortical neurons, NCX1 silencing prevented Akt phosphorylation, GAP-43 and MAP2 overexpression, and neurite elongation. Collectively, these data show that NCX1 participates in neuronal differentiation through the modulation of ER Ca(2+) content and PI3K signaling.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/621413
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