In recent years, 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has emerged as an important tool for the postoperative management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and it is widely used in selected clinical situations. The most valuable role that FDG-PET/CT plays in clinical practice is that it can be used to obtain prognostic information in patients with increasing thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and negative (131)I whole-body scan post-thyroidectomy and radioiodine (RAI) ablation. FDG-PET/CT may also have a potential role in the initial staging and follow-up of high-risk patients with aggressive histological subtypes, in the identification of patients who are at the highest risk of disease-specific mortality, in the management of patients with RAI-refractory disease, in clinical trials of novel targeted therapies in patients with advanced metastatic disease, and in the evaluation of thyroid nodules with indeterminate fine-needle aspiration for cytology. However, several controversies remain to be resolved, namely: the cutoff value of Tg in the selection of DTC patients for FDG-PET/CT, whether FDG-PET/CT scanning should be performed under thyrotropin stimulation or suppression, and the clinical significance of thyroid FDG-PET/CT incidentalomas. The aim of the present article is to provide an overview of the data about the molecular basis for, clinical indications of, and controversies related to the use of FDG-PET/CT in patients with DTC.

Imaging in endocrinology: 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in differentiated thyroid carcinoma: clinical indications and controversies in diagnosis and follow-up.

BIONDI, BERNADETTE;
2015

Abstract

In recent years, 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has emerged as an important tool for the postoperative management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and it is widely used in selected clinical situations. The most valuable role that FDG-PET/CT plays in clinical practice is that it can be used to obtain prognostic information in patients with increasing thyroglobulin (Tg) levels and negative (131)I whole-body scan post-thyroidectomy and radioiodine (RAI) ablation. FDG-PET/CT may also have a potential role in the initial staging and follow-up of high-risk patients with aggressive histological subtypes, in the identification of patients who are at the highest risk of disease-specific mortality, in the management of patients with RAI-refractory disease, in clinical trials of novel targeted therapies in patients with advanced metastatic disease, and in the evaluation of thyroid nodules with indeterminate fine-needle aspiration for cytology. However, several controversies remain to be resolved, namely: the cutoff value of Tg in the selection of DTC patients for FDG-PET/CT, whether FDG-PET/CT scanning should be performed under thyrotropin stimulation or suppression, and the clinical significance of thyroid FDG-PET/CT incidentalomas. The aim of the present article is to provide an overview of the data about the molecular basis for, clinical indications of, and controversies related to the use of FDG-PET/CT in patients with DTC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/617609
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