Hypovitaminosis D represent an environmental risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease. To investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and the correlation between GH/IGF-I deficiency and hypovitaminosis D with CV risk in GH deficiency (GHD) patients. A link between these hormones has been shown. Forty-one hypopituitaric patients with GHD (22 males, age 18-84 years) and 41 controls were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, glucose and lipid profile, parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25(OH) vitamin D (vitamin D), metabolic syndrome (MS), GH peak after GHRH + ARG, IGF-I, and standard deviation score (SDS) of IGF-I (zIGF-I) were assessed. Vitamin D levels were lower in patients than in controls (21.3 ± 12.3 vs. 28.2 ± 9.4, p = 0.006). Deficiency was found in 51 % of patients versus 14.6 % of controls (p < 0.01), insufficiency in 26.8 versus 41.4 % (p = 0.269) and normal vitamin D levels in 21.9 versus 43.9 % (p = 0.060). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 51.2 % in patients versus 12.1 % in controls (p < 0.001), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) was 7.3 versus 17 % (p = 0.292), hypertension was 44 versus 22 % (p = 0.060), and MS was 17 versus 14.6 % (p = 0.957). In patients, an association was found between the presence of hypovitaminosis D and the prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypertension and MS and between zIGF-I and the prevalence of hypertension. Hypovitaminosis D was the most powerful predictor of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension. GHD patients have an increased prevalence of hypovitaminosis D compared with controls. The presence of hypovitaminosis D was the most powerful predictor of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension in GHD patients, suggesting the involvement of both factors in the CV risk in these patients.

Cardiovascular risk in adult hypopituitaric patients with growth hormone deficiency: is there a role for vitamin D?

SAVANELLI, MARIA CRISTINA;SCARANO, ELISABETTA;Muscogiuri, Giovanna;BARREA, LUIGI;VUOLO, LAURA;RUBINO, MANILA;SAVASTANO, SILVIA;COLAO, ANNAMARIA;DI SOMMA, CAROLINA
2015

Abstract

Hypovitaminosis D represent an environmental risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease. To investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and the correlation between GH/IGF-I deficiency and hypovitaminosis D with CV risk in GH deficiency (GHD) patients. A link between these hormones has been shown. Forty-one hypopituitaric patients with GHD (22 males, age 18-84 years) and 41 controls were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, glucose and lipid profile, parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25(OH) vitamin D (vitamin D), metabolic syndrome (MS), GH peak after GHRH + ARG, IGF-I, and standard deviation score (SDS) of IGF-I (zIGF-I) were assessed. Vitamin D levels were lower in patients than in controls (21.3 ± 12.3 vs. 28.2 ± 9.4, p = 0.006). Deficiency was found in 51 % of patients versus 14.6 % of controls (p < 0.01), insufficiency in 26.8 versus 41.4 % (p = 0.269) and normal vitamin D levels in 21.9 versus 43.9 % (p = 0.060). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 51.2 % in patients versus 12.1 % in controls (p < 0.001), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) was 7.3 versus 17 % (p = 0.292), hypertension was 44 versus 22 % (p = 0.060), and MS was 17 versus 14.6 % (p = 0.957). In patients, an association was found between the presence of hypovitaminosis D and the prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypertension and MS and between zIGF-I and the prevalence of hypertension. Hypovitaminosis D was the most powerful predictor of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension. GHD patients have an increased prevalence of hypovitaminosis D compared with controls. The presence of hypovitaminosis D was the most powerful predictor of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension in GHD patients, suggesting the involvement of both factors in the CV risk in these patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/615388
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