The paper investigates and compares the characteristics of sludges produced by membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) and Conventional Activated Sludge (CAS) systems. Stability and dewaterability of full-scale MBR and CAS treatment plants are measured and compared. Obtained results show that specific methane production is higher in CAS sludge compared to MBR sludge because of the higher solid retention time of the MBR. Nonetheless MBR sludge results to be characterized by a non-negligible biometanation potential (BMP). Methane production measured during BMP tests is around 250 NmL/gVS for MBR sludge, equaling 2/3 of methane production obtained, in similar condition, for CAS sludge. Dewaterability is evaluated by Specific Resistance to Filtration (SRF), Capillary Suction Time (CST) and Time To Filter (TTF) tests. Data obtained before and after the anaerobic digestion of the sludges show that the stabilization process affects much more the resistance to filtration of CAS sludge than the resistance to filtration of MBR sludge. The same trend is observed, for the other measured parameters. This is attributed to the variation of the rheological characteristics of the two sludges during the stabilization process, and to the different initial rheological properties of them due to the different selection process of the biomass deriving from the different biomass retention methods of MBR and CAS systems.

Effect of Anaerobic Digestion on Rheological Parameters and Dewaterability of Aerobic Sludges from MBR and Conventional Activated Sludge Plants

D'ANTONIO, GIUSEPPE;FABBRICINO, MASSIMILIANO;FRUNZO, LUIGI;PIROZZI, FRANCESCO
2015

Abstract

The paper investigates and compares the characteristics of sludges produced by membrane Bio-Reactor (MBR) and Conventional Activated Sludge (CAS) systems. Stability and dewaterability of full-scale MBR and CAS treatment plants are measured and compared. Obtained results show that specific methane production is higher in CAS sludge compared to MBR sludge because of the higher solid retention time of the MBR. Nonetheless MBR sludge results to be characterized by a non-negligible biometanation potential (BMP). Methane production measured during BMP tests is around 250 NmL/gVS for MBR sludge, equaling 2/3 of methane production obtained, in similar condition, for CAS sludge. Dewaterability is evaluated by Specific Resistance to Filtration (SRF), Capillary Suction Time (CST) and Time To Filter (TTF) tests. Data obtained before and after the anaerobic digestion of the sludges show that the stabilization process affects much more the resistance to filtration of CAS sludge than the resistance to filtration of MBR sludge. The same trend is observed, for the other measured parameters. This is attributed to the variation of the rheological characteristics of the two sludges during the stabilization process, and to the different initial rheological properties of them due to the different selection process of the biomass deriving from the different biomass retention methods of MBR and CAS systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/613628
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