Torsion of linearly elastic isotropic beams, with both cross-sectional and axial inhomogeneities, is analyzed. Twist (rate of torsional rotation along the beam axis) and warping of cross-sections are not uniform if arbitrary axial variations of elastic properties are considered. Composite beams undergoing nonuniform torsion are commonly investigated by finite and boundary element methods. New closed-form solutions are found in the present paper, by detecting axial distributions of longitudinal and shear moduli inducing an axially uniform warping field. The warping is evaluated by Saint-Venant beam theory, while twist and axial distribution of shear moduli are inversely proportional. Coordinate-free expressions of displacement, normal and shear stress fields are given for simply and multiply connected cross-sections. Exact solutions are obtained for elliptic and equilateral triangle beams, by assuming exponentially graded longitudinal and shear moduli. New benchmarks for numerical analyses are thus also provided.

### Some closed-form solutions of functionally graded beams undergoing nonuniform torsion

#### Abstract

Torsion of linearly elastic isotropic beams, with both cross-sectional and axial inhomogeneities, is analyzed. Twist (rate of torsional rotation along the beam axis) and warping of cross-sections are not uniform if arbitrary axial variations of elastic properties are considered. Composite beams undergoing nonuniform torsion are commonly investigated by finite and boundary element methods. New closed-form solutions are found in the present paper, by detecting axial distributions of longitudinal and shear moduli inducing an axially uniform warping field. The warping is evaluated by Saint-Venant beam theory, while twist and axial distribution of shear moduli are inversely proportional. Coordinate-free expressions of displacement, normal and shear stress fields are given for simply and multiply connected cross-sections. Exact solutions are obtained for elliptic and equilateral triangle beams, by assuming exponentially graded longitudinal and shear moduli. New benchmarks for numerical analyses are thus also provided.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `http://hdl.handle.net/11588/613421`
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