ncRNAs are emerging as key regulators of physiological and pathological processes and therefore have been identified as pharmacological targets and as markers for some diseases. Oligonucleotide analogues represent so far the most widely employed tool for the modulation of the expression of ncRNAs. In this perspective we briefly describe most of the known classes of ncRNAs and then we discuss the design and the applications of oligonucleotide analogues for their targeting. The effects of modifications of the chemical structure of the oligonucleotides on properties such as the binding affinity toward targets and off targets, and the stability to degradation and their biological effects (when known) are discussed. Examples of molecules currently used in clinical trials are also reported.

Oligonucleotide analogues as modulators of the expression and function of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs): emerging therapeutics applications

AVITABILE, CONCETTA;ROMANELLI, ALESSANDRA
2014

Abstract

ncRNAs are emerging as key regulators of physiological and pathological processes and therefore have been identified as pharmacological targets and as markers for some diseases. Oligonucleotide analogues represent so far the most widely employed tool for the modulation of the expression of ncRNAs. In this perspective we briefly describe most of the known classes of ncRNAs and then we discuss the design and the applications of oligonucleotide analogues for their targeting. The effects of modifications of the chemical structure of the oligonucleotides on properties such as the binding affinity toward targets and off targets, and the stability to degradation and their biological effects (when known) are discussed. Examples of molecules currently used in clinical trials are also reported.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/613307
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