In this work a design tool to control cell-opening in gas foaming of thermoplastic polymers is developed. The sequence of events following bubble nucleation, namely, bubble growth and impingement, is modeled to gain a comprehensive, perspective view on the mechanisms of bubble wall rupture and on the conditions for achieving a fully open-cell morphology. In particular, unlike the previously published literature, the polymer elastic recovery is recognized as an important factor for wall retraction, which is typically considered as solely driven by surface tension. The new approach is experimentally validated on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), foamed with CO2, as a model polymer/gas system.

Validated modeling of bubble growth, impingement and retraction to predict cell-opening in thermoplastic foaming

Tammaro, Daniele;D'AVINO, GAETANO;DI MAIO, ERNESTO
;
PASQUINO, ROSSANA;VILLONE, MASSIMILIANO MARIA;GRIZZUTI, NINO;MAFFETTONE, PIER LUCA
2016

Abstract

In this work a design tool to control cell-opening in gas foaming of thermoplastic polymers is developed. The sequence of events following bubble nucleation, namely, bubble growth and impingement, is modeled to gain a comprehensive, perspective view on the mechanisms of bubble wall rupture and on the conditions for achieving a fully open-cell morphology. In particular, unlike the previously published literature, the polymer elastic recovery is recognized as an important factor for wall retraction, which is typically considered as solely driven by surface tension. The new approach is experimentally validated on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), foamed with CO2, as a model polymer/gas system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/613257
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