Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide in men and women, and, despite the recent remarkable scientific advances, drug treatment is still unsatisfactory. Polycomb protein chromobox homolog 7 (CBX7) is involved in several biological processes, including development and cancer progression, indeed the lack of CBX7 protein correlates with a highly malignant phenotype and a poor prognosis. However, its role in lung cancer still remains unknown. Since CBX7 is drastically downregulated in human lung carcinomas, we investigated whether restoration of CBX7 expression could affect growth property of lung cancer cells and modulate their sensitivity to treatment with irinotecan and etoposide, two chemoterapy drugs most commonly used in lung cancer therapy. Here, we demonstrate that restoration of CBX7 in two human lung carcinoma cell lines (A549 and H1299), in which this protein is not detectable, leads to a decreased proliferation (at least in part through a downregulation of phosphorylated ERK and phosphorylated p38) and an increased apoptotic cell death after drug exposure (at least in part through the downregulation of Bcl-2, phosphorylated Akt, and phosphorylated JNK). Taken together, these results suggest that the retention of CBX7 expression may play a role in the modulation of chemosensitivity of lung cancer patients to the treatment with irinotecan and etoposide.

Restoration of CBX7 expression increases the susceptibility of human lung carcinoma cells to irinotecan treatment

SEPE, ROMINA;FORZATI, FLORIANA;FEDERICO, ANTONELLA;MALAPELLE, UMBERTO;DE STEFANO, ALFONSO;FUSCO, ALFREDO;PALLANTE, PIERLORENZO
2015

Abstract

Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide in men and women, and, despite the recent remarkable scientific advances, drug treatment is still unsatisfactory. Polycomb protein chromobox homolog 7 (CBX7) is involved in several biological processes, including development and cancer progression, indeed the lack of CBX7 protein correlates with a highly malignant phenotype and a poor prognosis. However, its role in lung cancer still remains unknown. Since CBX7 is drastically downregulated in human lung carcinomas, we investigated whether restoration of CBX7 expression could affect growth property of lung cancer cells and modulate their sensitivity to treatment with irinotecan and etoposide, two chemoterapy drugs most commonly used in lung cancer therapy. Here, we demonstrate that restoration of CBX7 in two human lung carcinoma cell lines (A549 and H1299), in which this protein is not detectable, leads to a decreased proliferation (at least in part through a downregulation of phosphorylated ERK and phosphorylated p38) and an increased apoptotic cell death after drug exposure (at least in part through the downregulation of Bcl-2, phosphorylated Akt, and phosphorylated JNK). Taken together, these results suggest that the retention of CBX7 expression may play a role in the modulation of chemosensitivity of lung cancer patients to the treatment with irinotecan and etoposide.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
art%3A10.1007%2Fs00210-015-1153-y.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 980.55 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
980.55 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/612810
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact