A small library of polyethylene glycol esters of Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) was synthesized with the aim of improving the pharmacokinetic profile of the parent drug after topical administration. Synthesized prodrugs were studied for their skin accumulation, pharmacological activities as well as in vitro chemical stability and in silico enzymatic hydrolysis. Prodrugs proved to be able in delaying and prolonging the pharmacological activity of PEA by modification of its skin accumulation profile. Pharmacokinetic improvements were particularly evident when specific structural requirements, such as flexibility and reduced molecular weight, were respected. Some of the synthesized prodrugs prolonged the pharmacological effects 5 days following topical administration, while a formulation composed by PEA and 2 pegylated prodrugs showed both rapid onset and long-lasting activity, suggesting the potential use of polyethylene glycol prodrugs of PEA as a suitable candidate for the treatment of skin inflammatory diseases.

Improvement of Topical Palmitoylethanolamide Anti-Inflammatory Activity by Pegylated Prodrugs

TRONINO, DIANA;RUSSO, ROBERTO;OSTACOLO, CARMINE
Investigation
;
DE CARO, CARMEN;AVAGLIANO, CARMEN;LANERI, SONIA;LA RANA, GIOVANNA;SACCHI, ANTONIA;CALIGNANO, ANTONIO
2015

Abstract

A small library of polyethylene glycol esters of Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) was synthesized with the aim of improving the pharmacokinetic profile of the parent drug after topical administration. Synthesized prodrugs were studied for their skin accumulation, pharmacological activities as well as in vitro chemical stability and in silico enzymatic hydrolysis. Prodrugs proved to be able in delaying and prolonging the pharmacological activity of PEA by modification of its skin accumulation profile. Pharmacokinetic improvements were particularly evident when specific structural requirements, such as flexibility and reduced molecular weight, were respected. Some of the synthesized prodrugs prolonged the pharmacological effects 5 days following topical administration, while a formulation composed by PEA and 2 pegylated prodrugs showed both rapid onset and long-lasting activity, suggesting the potential use of polyethylene glycol prodrugs of PEA as a suitable candidate for the treatment of skin inflammatory diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/611055
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