Chloromonilicin was isolated for the first time from Alternaria sonchi, a mycoherbicide proposed for the control of the noxious weed Sonchus arvensis. The already known alternethanoxins A and B and the three recently isolated phytotoxic polycyclic ethanones named alternethanoxins C-E were also isolated from the same source. Chloromonilicin was identified by spectroscopic data (essentially one-dimensional NMR, 2-dimensional NMR and high-resolution ESI-MS) and its structure was confirmed by single X-ray analysis, which also allowed the assignment of the absolute configuration. This latter was independently confirmed by electronic CD calculations. When chloromonilicin was tested for its antimicrobial activity, it was active at concentrations 0.5-1 μg per disc against four bacterial species and a yeast fungus. The compound inhibited conidial germination of four plant pathogens at concentration of 1-10 μg ml(-1). No phytotoxic activity of this antibiotic by leaf-disc puncture bioassay was detected.

Biological evaluation and determination of the absolute configuration of chloromonilicin, a strong antimicrobial metabolite isolated from Alternaria sonchi

CIMMINO, ALESSIO
Writing – Review & Editing
;
TUZI, ANGELA
Investigation
;
EVIDENTE, ANTONIO
Supervision
2016

Abstract

Chloromonilicin was isolated for the first time from Alternaria sonchi, a mycoherbicide proposed for the control of the noxious weed Sonchus arvensis. The already known alternethanoxins A and B and the three recently isolated phytotoxic polycyclic ethanones named alternethanoxins C-E were also isolated from the same source. Chloromonilicin was identified by spectroscopic data (essentially one-dimensional NMR, 2-dimensional NMR and high-resolution ESI-MS) and its structure was confirmed by single X-ray analysis, which also allowed the assignment of the absolute configuration. This latter was independently confirmed by electronic CD calculations. When chloromonilicin was tested for its antimicrobial activity, it was active at concentrations 0.5-1 μg per disc against four bacterial species and a yeast fungus. The compound inhibited conidial germination of four plant pathogens at concentration of 1-10 μg ml(-1). No phytotoxic activity of this antibiotic by leaf-disc puncture bioassay was detected.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/610715
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