Fast geomorphic transients may involve complex scenarios of sediment transport, occurring near the bottom as bed load (i.e., saltating, sliding, and rolling) or as suspended load in the upper portion of the flow. The two sediment transport modalities may even coexist or alternate each other during the same event, especially when the shear stress varies considerably. Modeling these processes is therefore a challenging task, for which the usual representation of the flow as a mixture may result in being unsatisfactory. In the present paper, a new two-phase depth-averaged model is presented that accounts for variable sediment concentration in both bed and suspended loads. Distinct phase velocities are considered for bed load, whereas the slip velocity between the two phases is neglected in the suspended load. It is shown that the resulting two-phase model is hyperbolic, and the analytical expression of the eigenvalues is provided. The entrainment/deposition of sediment between the bottom and the bed load layer is based on a modified van Rijn transport parameter, whereas for the suspended sediment a first-order exchange law is considered. A numerical finite-volume method is used for the simulation of three dam break experiments found in the literature, which are effectively reproduced in terms of both free surface elevation and bottom deformation, confirming the key role played by the solid concentration variability even for two-phase models.

Two-Dimensional Two-Phase Depth-Integrated Model for Transients over Mobile Bed

Cristiana Di Cristo;GRECO, MASSIMO;Andrea Vacca
2016

Abstract

Fast geomorphic transients may involve complex scenarios of sediment transport, occurring near the bottom as bed load (i.e., saltating, sliding, and rolling) or as suspended load in the upper portion of the flow. The two sediment transport modalities may even coexist or alternate each other during the same event, especially when the shear stress varies considerably. Modeling these processes is therefore a challenging task, for which the usual representation of the flow as a mixture may result in being unsatisfactory. In the present paper, a new two-phase depth-averaged model is presented that accounts for variable sediment concentration in both bed and suspended loads. Distinct phase velocities are considered for bed load, whereas the slip velocity between the two phases is neglected in the suspended load. It is shown that the resulting two-phase model is hyperbolic, and the analytical expression of the eigenvalues is provided. The entrainment/deposition of sediment between the bottom and the bed load layer is based on a modified van Rijn transport parameter, whereas for the suspended sediment a first-order exchange law is considered. A numerical finite-volume method is used for the simulation of three dam break experiments found in the literature, which are effectively reproduced in terms of both free surface elevation and bottom deformation, confirming the key role played by the solid concentration variability even for two-phase models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/610114
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