Elevated levels of total dissolved gas (TDG) may occur downstream of dam discharges, leading to increased incidence of gas bubble disease in fish. Accelerating the dissipation of supersaturated TDG in the downstream river can mitigate this negative problem. However, developing effective mitigation techniques is hampered by limitations in present models of TDG dissipation processes. Furthermore, data useful for modelling the dissipation of supersaturated TDG through the free surface in natural rivers are limited. Past studies indicated that the TDG dissipation process is quantitatively different from the reaeration process, and TDG behavior is quantitatively different from dissolved oxygen. However, a correct parameterization of the TDG dissipation process is still missing. The paper presents a novel dimensional analysis of the dissipation of supersaturated TDG. This approach can provide a relationship between the TDG dissipation coefficient and some classical fluid mechanics index-numbers. This dimensional analysis considers some key parameters for the dissipation process both water and TDG properties as well as flow characteristics, including turbulence. These parameters are water kinematic viscosity, TDG molecular diffusivity and vertical turbulent diffusivity, and channel width. The application of dimensional analysis pointed out that the TDG dissipation coefficient is a function of the Schmidt number, the aspect ratio of the channel, and the shear Reynolds number. The dimensional analysis was then verified using both field data collected in some large natural rivers and reservoirs in Sichuan and experimental data in laboratory flume at State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering of Sichuan University. The analysis revealed the key role of turbulence in controlling the TDG dissipation while the importance of gas/water characteristics remains still unclear and needs further investigations.

A dimensional analysis of supersaturated total dissolved gas dissipation

GUALTIERI, PAOLA;GUALTIERI, CARLO
2015

Abstract

Elevated levels of total dissolved gas (TDG) may occur downstream of dam discharges, leading to increased incidence of gas bubble disease in fish. Accelerating the dissipation of supersaturated TDG in the downstream river can mitigate this negative problem. However, developing effective mitigation techniques is hampered by limitations in present models of TDG dissipation processes. Furthermore, data useful for modelling the dissipation of supersaturated TDG through the free surface in natural rivers are limited. Past studies indicated that the TDG dissipation process is quantitatively different from the reaeration process, and TDG behavior is quantitatively different from dissolved oxygen. However, a correct parameterization of the TDG dissipation process is still missing. The paper presents a novel dimensional analysis of the dissipation of supersaturated TDG. This approach can provide a relationship between the TDG dissipation coefficient and some classical fluid mechanics index-numbers. This dimensional analysis considers some key parameters for the dissipation process both water and TDG properties as well as flow characteristics, including turbulence. These parameters are water kinematic viscosity, TDG molecular diffusivity and vertical turbulent diffusivity, and channel width. The application of dimensional analysis pointed out that the TDG dissipation coefficient is a function of the Schmidt number, the aspect ratio of the channel, and the shear Reynolds number. The dimensional analysis was then verified using both field data collected in some large natural rivers and reservoirs in Sichuan and experimental data in laboratory flume at State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering of Sichuan University. The analysis revealed the key role of turbulence in controlling the TDG dissipation while the importance of gas/water characteristics remains still unclear and needs further investigations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/607434
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