Nonlinear static procedures, which relate the seismic demand of a structure to that of an equivalent single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) oscillator, are well-established tools in the performance based earthquake engineering framework and have gradually found their way into modern codes for seismic design and assessment. Initially, such procedures made recourse to inelastic spectra derived for simple elastic-plastic or bilinear oscillators, but the request for demand estimates, which delve deeper into the inelastic range, shifted the trend towards inves-tigating the seismic demand of oscillators with more complex backbone curves. Meanwhile, the engineering relevance of near-source (NS) pulse-like ground motions has been receiving increased attention, since it has been recognized that such ground motions can induce a distinctive type of inelastic demand. Pulse-like NS ground motions are usually the result of rupture directivity, where seismic waves generated at different points along the rupture front arrive at a site at the same time, leading to a double-sided velocity pulse, which delivers most of the seismic energy. Recent research has led to a methodology being proposed for incorpo-rating this NS effect in the implementation of nonlinear static procedures. Both of the aforementioned lines of earthquake engineering research motivate the present study, which investigates the ductility demands imposed by pulse-like NS ground motions on SDOF oscillators who feature pinching hysteretic behavior with trilinear backbone curves. This in-vestigation uses incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) considering a suite of one hundred and thirty pulse-like-identified ground motions. Median, as well as 16% and 84% fractile, IDA curves are calculated, on which an analytical model is fitted. Least-squares estimates are ob-tained for the model parameters, which importantly include pulse period Tp. The resulting equa-tions effectively constitute an R-μ-T/Tp relation for pulse-like NS motions. A potential application of this result is briefly demonstrated in an illustrative example of NS seismic de-mand estimation.

Near-source pulse-like seismic demand for multi-linear backbone oscillators

IERVOLINO, IUNIO;BALTZOPOULOS, GEORGIOS
2015

Abstract

Nonlinear static procedures, which relate the seismic demand of a structure to that of an equivalent single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) oscillator, are well-established tools in the performance based earthquake engineering framework and have gradually found their way into modern codes for seismic design and assessment. Initially, such procedures made recourse to inelastic spectra derived for simple elastic-plastic or bilinear oscillators, but the request for demand estimates, which delve deeper into the inelastic range, shifted the trend towards inves-tigating the seismic demand of oscillators with more complex backbone curves. Meanwhile, the engineering relevance of near-source (NS) pulse-like ground motions has been receiving increased attention, since it has been recognized that such ground motions can induce a distinctive type of inelastic demand. Pulse-like NS ground motions are usually the result of rupture directivity, where seismic waves generated at different points along the rupture front arrive at a site at the same time, leading to a double-sided velocity pulse, which delivers most of the seismic energy. Recent research has led to a methodology being proposed for incorpo-rating this NS effect in the implementation of nonlinear static procedures. Both of the aforementioned lines of earthquake engineering research motivate the present study, which investigates the ductility demands imposed by pulse-like NS ground motions on SDOF oscillators who feature pinching hysteretic behavior with trilinear backbone curves. This in-vestigation uses incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) considering a suite of one hundred and thirty pulse-like-identified ground motions. Median, as well as 16% and 84% fractile, IDA curves are calculated, on which an analytical model is fitted. Least-squares estimates are ob-tained for the model parameters, which importantly include pulse period Tp. The resulting equa-tions effectively constitute an R-μ-T/Tp relation for pulse-like NS motions. A potential application of this result is briefly demonstrated in an illustrative example of NS seismic de-mand estimation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/607049
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