BackgroundApproximately 7% of survivors from meningococcal meningitis (MM) suffer from neurological sequelae due to brain damage in the course of meningitis. The present study focuses on the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in a novel mouse model of MM-induced brain damage.MethodsThe model is based on intracisternal infection of BALB/c mice with a serogroup C Neisseria meningitidis strain. Mice were infected with meningococci and randomised for treatment with the MMP inhibitor batimastat (BB-94) or vehicle. Animal survival, brain injury and host-response biomarkers were assessed 48 h after meningococcal challenge.ResultsMice that received BB-94 presented significantly diminished MMP-9 levels (p¿<¿0.01), intracerebral bleeding (p¿<¿0.01), and blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown (p¿<¿0.05) in comparison with untreated animals. In mice suffering from MM, the amount of MMP-9 measured by zymography significantly correlated with both intracerebral haemorrhage (p¿<¿0.01) and BBB disruption (p¿<¿0.05).ConclusionsMMPs significantly contribute to brain damage associated with experimental MM. Inhibition of MMPs reduces intracranial complications in mice suffering from MM, representing a potential adjuvant strategy in MM post-infection sequelae.

Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases attenuates brain damage in experimental meningococcal meningitis

SALVATORE, PAOLA;
2014

Abstract

BackgroundApproximately 7% of survivors from meningococcal meningitis (MM) suffer from neurological sequelae due to brain damage in the course of meningitis. The present study focuses on the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in a novel mouse model of MM-induced brain damage.MethodsThe model is based on intracisternal infection of BALB/c mice with a serogroup C Neisseria meningitidis strain. Mice were infected with meningococci and randomised for treatment with the MMP inhibitor batimastat (BB-94) or vehicle. Animal survival, brain injury and host-response biomarkers were assessed 48 h after meningococcal challenge.ResultsMice that received BB-94 presented significantly diminished MMP-9 levels (p¿<¿0.01), intracerebral bleeding (p¿<¿0.01), and blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown (p¿<¿0.05) in comparison with untreated animals. In mice suffering from MM, the amount of MMP-9 measured by zymography significantly correlated with both intracerebral haemorrhage (p¿<¿0.01) and BBB disruption (p¿<¿0.05).ConclusionsMMPs significantly contribute to brain damage associated with experimental MM. Inhibition of MMPs reduces intracranial complications in mice suffering from MM, representing a potential adjuvant strategy in MM post-infection sequelae.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/602970
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