Heart failure remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although depressed pump function is common, development of effective therapies to stimulate contraction has proven difficult. This is thought to be attributable to their frequent reliance on cAMP stimulation to increase activator Ca2+. A potential alternative is nitroxyl (HNO), the 1-electron reduction product of nitric oxide (NO) that improves contraction and relaxation in normal and failing hearts in vivo. The mechanism for myocyte effects remains unknown. Here, we show that this activity results from a direct interaction of HNO with the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump and the ryanodine receptor 2, leading to increased Ca2+ uptake and release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. HNO increases the open probability of isolated ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+-release channels and accelerates Ca2+ reuptake into isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum by stimulating ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport. Contraction improves with no net rise in diastolic calcium. These changes are not induced by NO, are fully reversible by addition of reducing agents (redox sensitive), and independent of both cAMP/protein kinase A and cGMP/protein kinase G signaling. Rather, the data support HNO/thiolate interactions that enhance the activity of intracellular Ca2+ cycling proteins. These findings suggest HNO donors are attractive candidates for the pharmacological treatment of heart failure.

Nitroxyl improves cellular heart function by directly enhancing cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ cycling / Tocchetti, CARLO GABRIELE; Wang, Wang; Froehlich Jeffrey, P.; Huke, Sabine; Aon Miguel, A.; Wilson Gerald, M.; Di Benedetto, Giulietta; O'Rourke, Brian; Gao Wei, Dong; Wink David, A.; Toscano John, P.; Zaccolo, Manuela; Bers Donald, M.; Valdivia Hector, H.; Cheng, Heping; Kass David, A.; Paolocci, Nazareno. - In: CIRCULATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 0009-7330. - 100:1(2007), pp. 96-104. [10.1161/01.RES.0000253904.53601.c9]

Nitroxyl improves cellular heart function by directly enhancing cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ cycling

TOCCHETTI, CARLO GABRIELE;
2007

Abstract

Heart failure remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although depressed pump function is common, development of effective therapies to stimulate contraction has proven difficult. This is thought to be attributable to their frequent reliance on cAMP stimulation to increase activator Ca2+. A potential alternative is nitroxyl (HNO), the 1-electron reduction product of nitric oxide (NO) that improves contraction and relaxation in normal and failing hearts in vivo. The mechanism for myocyte effects remains unknown. Here, we show that this activity results from a direct interaction of HNO with the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump and the ryanodine receptor 2, leading to increased Ca2+ uptake and release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. HNO increases the open probability of isolated ryanodine-sensitive Ca2+-release channels and accelerates Ca2+ reuptake into isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum by stimulating ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport. Contraction improves with no net rise in diastolic calcium. These changes are not induced by NO, are fully reversible by addition of reducing agents (redox sensitive), and independent of both cAMP/protein kinase A and cGMP/protein kinase G signaling. Rather, the data support HNO/thiolate interactions that enhance the activity of intracellular Ca2+ cycling proteins. These findings suggest HNO donors are attractive candidates for the pharmacological treatment of heart failure.
2007
Nitroxyl improves cellular heart function by directly enhancing cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ cycling / Tocchetti, CARLO GABRIELE; Wang, Wang; Froehlich Jeffrey, P.; Huke, Sabine; Aon Miguel, A.; Wilson Gerald, M.; Di Benedetto, Giulietta; O'Rourke, Brian; Gao Wei, Dong; Wink David, A.; Toscano John, P.; Zaccolo, Manuela; Bers Donald, M.; Valdivia Hector, H.; Cheng, Heping; Kass David, A.; Paolocci, Nazareno. - In: CIRCULATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 0009-7330. - 100:1(2007), pp. 96-104. [10.1161/01.RES.0000253904.53601.c9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/599268
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