In the last 10years, few efforts have been carried out to apply vibrational spectroscopy in the study of dermal pathologies in order to characterize the most relevant spectral markers for distinguishing benign from cancerous lesions. Spitz nevi are a special group of benign melanocytic lesions, characterized by spindled and/or epithelioid nevomelanocytes, with peculiar clinical, dermoscopic and histopathological features. The "atypical forms" of Spitz nevi are among the commonest problems of differential diagnosis with the so-called "spitzoid melanomas". The clinical and histological criteria for discriminating these two entities are very subtle and often still quite subjective, and, in a significant percentage of cases, can lead to diagnostic pitfalls and inadequate therapies. Therefore, it is noteworthy to outline that the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions still represents a challenging problem and a continue matter of discussion. We exploited FTIR microspectroscopy to study the different kinds of spitzoid melanocytes, in order to define the most relevant spectral markers of each specimen and to achieve objective information on "borderline" histologically atypical lesions. In particular, the spectroscopic investigation was carried out on melanocytes deriving from normal skin (as a normal control), malignant melanoma and Spitz nevi. The presence of the characteristic bands of melanin was investigated, too.

FTIR microspectroscopic characterization of Spitz nevi.

STAIBANO, STEFANIA;ILARDI, GENNARO;
2015

Abstract

In the last 10years, few efforts have been carried out to apply vibrational spectroscopy in the study of dermal pathologies in order to characterize the most relevant spectral markers for distinguishing benign from cancerous lesions. Spitz nevi are a special group of benign melanocytic lesions, characterized by spindled and/or epithelioid nevomelanocytes, with peculiar clinical, dermoscopic and histopathological features. The "atypical forms" of Spitz nevi are among the commonest problems of differential diagnosis with the so-called "spitzoid melanomas". The clinical and histological criteria for discriminating these two entities are very subtle and often still quite subjective, and, in a significant percentage of cases, can lead to diagnostic pitfalls and inadequate therapies. Therefore, it is noteworthy to outline that the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions still represents a challenging problem and a continue matter of discussion. We exploited FTIR microspectroscopy to study the different kinds of spitzoid melanocytes, in order to define the most relevant spectral markers of each specimen and to achieve objective information on "borderline" histologically atypical lesions. In particular, the spectroscopic investigation was carried out on melanocytes deriving from normal skin (as a normal control), malignant melanoma and Spitz nevi. The presence of the characteristic bands of melanin was investigated, too.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/598956
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