We report a study of the distributions of the depth of maximum, Xmax, of extensive air-shower profiles with energies above 1017.8eV as observed with the fluorescence telescopes of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The analysis method for selecting a data sample with minimal sampling bias is described in detail as well as the experimental cross-checks and systematic uncertainties. Furthermore, we discuss the detector acceptance and the resolution of the Xmax measurement and provide parametrizations thereof as a function of energy. The energy dependence of the mean and standard deviation of the Xmax distributions are compared to air-shower simulations for different nuclear primaries and interpreted in terms of the mean and variance of the logarithmic mass distribution at the top of the atmosphere.

Depth of Maximum of Air-Shower Profiles at the Auger Observatory: Measurements at Energies above 10^17.8 eV / M., Ambrisio; Aramo, Carla; Buscemi, Mario; Cilmo, Marco; Colalillo, Roberta; Guarino, Fausto; Valore, Laura; The Pierre Auger, Collaboration. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, PARTICLES, FIELDS, GRAVITATION, AND COSMOLOGY. - ISSN 1550-7998. - 90:(2014). [10.1103/PhysRevD.90.122005]

Depth of Maximum of Air-Shower Profiles at the Auger Observatory: Measurements at Energies above 10^17.8 eV

ARAMO, CARLA;BUSCEMI, MARIO;CILMO, MARCO;COLALILLO, ROBERTA;GUARINO, FAUSTO;VALORE, LAURA;
2014

Abstract

We report a study of the distributions of the depth of maximum, Xmax, of extensive air-shower profiles with energies above 1017.8eV as observed with the fluorescence telescopes of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The analysis method for selecting a data sample with minimal sampling bias is described in detail as well as the experimental cross-checks and systematic uncertainties. Furthermore, we discuss the detector acceptance and the resolution of the Xmax measurement and provide parametrizations thereof as a function of energy. The energy dependence of the mean and standard deviation of the Xmax distributions are compared to air-shower simulations for different nuclear primaries and interpreted in terms of the mean and variance of the logarithmic mass distribution at the top of the atmosphere.
2014
Depth of Maximum of Air-Shower Profiles at the Auger Observatory: Measurements at Energies above 10^17.8 eV / M., Ambrisio; Aramo, Carla; Buscemi, Mario; Cilmo, Marco; Colalillo, Roberta; Guarino, Fausto; Valore, Laura; The Pierre Auger, Collaboration. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, PARTICLES, FIELDS, GRAVITATION, AND COSMOLOGY. - ISSN 1550-7998. - 90:(2014). [10.1103/PhysRevD.90.122005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/598564
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