We investigate how to coherently define entropy production for a process of transient relaxation in the quantum Brownian motion model for the harmonic potential. We compare a form, referred to as 'poised' (P), which after non-Markovian transients corresponds to a definition of heat as the change in the system Hamiltonian of mean force, with a recent proposal by Esposito et al (ELB) based on a definition of heat as the energy change in the bath. Both expressions yield a positive-definite entropy production and they coincide for vanishing coupling strength, but their difference is proved to be always positive (after non-Markovian transients disappear) and to grow as the coupling strength increases. In the classical over-damped limit the 'poised' entropy production converges to the entropy production used in stochastic thermodynamics. We also investigate the effects of the system size, and of the ensuing Poincaré recurrences, and how the classical limit is approached. We close by discussing the strong-coupling limit, in which the ideal canonical equilibrium of the bath is violated.

Entropy production in quantum Brownian motion

PELITI, LUCA
2013

Abstract

We investigate how to coherently define entropy production for a process of transient relaxation in the quantum Brownian motion model for the harmonic potential. We compare a form, referred to as 'poised' (P), which after non-Markovian transients corresponds to a definition of heat as the change in the system Hamiltonian of mean force, with a recent proposal by Esposito et al (ELB) based on a definition of heat as the energy change in the bath. Both expressions yield a positive-definite entropy production and they coincide for vanishing coupling strength, but their difference is proved to be always positive (after non-Markovian transients disappear) and to grow as the coupling strength increases. In the classical over-damped limit the 'poised' entropy production converges to the entropy production used in stochastic thermodynamics. We also investigate the effects of the system size, and of the ensuing Poincaré recurrences, and how the classical limit is approached. We close by discussing the strong-coupling limit, in which the ideal canonical equilibrium of the bath is violated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/597479
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