Experiments are in course of development at CIRA Laboratories for the experimental determination of the surface emissivity of materials candidate for thermal protection systems of re-entry vehicles from space missions. The proper knowledge of the surface emissivity is a very important task during the development of tests in ground facilities as plasma wind tunnels when the use of optical instrumentation is required for the surface temperature measurements. In fact, due to the very high temperatures generated in the shock layer surrounding the bow of the space vehicle during the re-entry in the Earth's atmosphere the chemical reactions occurring at surface change the nature of the material used as thermal protection system, giving rise to a new material named “char zone”, whose properties are different from the ones of the below virgin material. So, when the use of optical devices as thermocameras or pyrometers is necessary for the measurement of the surface temperature, the proper knowledge of the material emissivity is also necessary. Hence, to pursue such a target, at present the investigation of the emissivity characterization has been performed by using a system of pyrometers, of single and dual color types, pointing to the same area of a sample located inside a blackbody used as heater source at ambient pressure of 1 atm. For the sake of the analysis the most important parameter is the real temperature at the surface of the sample. To match such a target a K-type of thermocouple has been inserted inside the sample in order to measure its inner temperature. When all the temperatures measured become constant, the assumption of the thermal equilibrium condition is done. Thus, the combined use of different types of pyrometers and the K-type thermocouple makes possible the experimental evaluation of the emissivity by means of the comparison between the temperature values measured by the pyrometers. A comparison has been done between the emissivity values evaluated with the hypothesis of grey-body and thermal equilibrium of the samples

EMISSIVITY ANALYSES OF MATERIALS CANDIDATE FOR EART'S ATMOSPHERE RE-ENTRY FROM SPACE MISSIONS

MUSTO, MARILENA;
2014

Abstract

Experiments are in course of development at CIRA Laboratories for the experimental determination of the surface emissivity of materials candidate for thermal protection systems of re-entry vehicles from space missions. The proper knowledge of the surface emissivity is a very important task during the development of tests in ground facilities as plasma wind tunnels when the use of optical instrumentation is required for the surface temperature measurements. In fact, due to the very high temperatures generated in the shock layer surrounding the bow of the space vehicle during the re-entry in the Earth's atmosphere the chemical reactions occurring at surface change the nature of the material used as thermal protection system, giving rise to a new material named “char zone”, whose properties are different from the ones of the below virgin material. So, when the use of optical devices as thermocameras or pyrometers is necessary for the measurement of the surface temperature, the proper knowledge of the material emissivity is also necessary. Hence, to pursue such a target, at present the investigation of the emissivity characterization has been performed by using a system of pyrometers, of single and dual color types, pointing to the same area of a sample located inside a blackbody used as heater source at ambient pressure of 1 atm. For the sake of the analysis the most important parameter is the real temperature at the surface of the sample. To match such a target a K-type of thermocouple has been inserted inside the sample in order to measure its inner temperature. When all the temperatures measured become constant, the assumption of the thermal equilibrium condition is done. Thus, the combined use of different types of pyrometers and the K-type thermocouple makes possible the experimental evaluation of the emissivity by means of the comparison between the temperature values measured by the pyrometers. A comparison has been done between the emissivity values evaluated with the hypothesis of grey-body and thermal equilibrium of the samples
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/597376
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact