Impedance spectroscopy (IS) is a powerful technique for analysis of the complex electrical impedance of a large variety of biological systems, because it is sensitive both to surface phenomena and to changes of bulk properties. A simple and convenient method of analysis of cell properties by IS is described. An interdigitated electrodes configuration was used for the measurements; human epithelial cells were grown on the device to investigate the complex dielectric response as a function of frequency, in order to test the suitability of the device for use as a label-free biosensor. To test the ability of the device to detect channels in the cell membrane, the effect of drugs known to affect membrane integrity was also investigated. The frequency response of the admittance (i.e. the reciprocal of the impedance) can be well fitted by a model based on very simple assumptions about the cells coating the device surface and the current flow; from the calculations, membrane-specific capacitance and information about cell adhesion can be inferred. These preliminary efforts have shown that our configuration could lead to a label-free non-invasive technique for biosensing and cellular behavior monitoring which might prove useful in investigation of the basic properties of cells and the effect of drugs by estimation of some fundamental properties and modification of the electrical characteristics of the device.

Towards the realization of label-free biosensors through impedance spectroscopy integrated with IDES technology.

DI CAPUA, ROBERTO;TAGLIALATELA, MAURIZIO;CASSINESE, ANTONIO
2012

Abstract

Impedance spectroscopy (IS) is a powerful technique for analysis of the complex electrical impedance of a large variety of biological systems, because it is sensitive both to surface phenomena and to changes of bulk properties. A simple and convenient method of analysis of cell properties by IS is described. An interdigitated electrodes configuration was used for the measurements; human epithelial cells were grown on the device to investigate the complex dielectric response as a function of frequency, in order to test the suitability of the device for use as a label-free biosensor. To test the ability of the device to detect channels in the cell membrane, the effect of drugs known to affect membrane integrity was also investigated. The frequency response of the admittance (i.e. the reciprocal of the impedance) can be well fitted by a model based on very simple assumptions about the cells coating the device surface and the current flow; from the calculations, membrane-specific capacitance and information about cell adhesion can be inferred. These preliminary efforts have shown that our configuration could lead to a label-free non-invasive technique for biosensing and cellular behavior monitoring which might prove useful in investigation of the basic properties of cells and the effect of drugs by estimation of some fundamental properties and modification of the electrical characteristics of the device.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/596922
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