PURPOSE: The lymphatic preservation to prevent hydrocele formation after laparoscopic varicocelectomy is essential. Lymphatic sparing procedures using scrotal injection give a rate of mapping failures of 20%-30%. The aim of the present study is to standardize the technique of injection to perform a lymphatic sparing procedure in case of laparoscopic varicocelectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 50 patients who underwent laparoscopic varicocelectomy from July 2010 to July 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: G1 (25 patients) those who underwent a classical isosulfan blue scrotal intra-dartos injection and G2 (25 patients) those who underwent the new standardized isosulfan blue scrotal intra-dartos/intra-testicular injection. RESULTS: In G1 lymphatic vessels were identified as blue coloured in 19/25 of cases (76%), in G2 in 25/25 of cases (100%). The results were analyzed using test χ(2) with Yates' correction and there was a statistically significant difference (χ(2)=0.05,1) between G2 and G1. Postoperative hydrocele was noted in 2/6 patients of G1 in whom the lymphatic vessels were not identified. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic lymphatic sparing varicocelectomy is an effective procedure to adopt in children with varicocele. The intra-dartos/intra-testicular injection of isosulfan blue is significantly better than the previously described intra-dartos injection, permitting to identify lymphatic vessels in 100% of cases in our series. No allergy to isosulfan blue was reported in both groups.
Technical standardization of laparoscopic lymphatic sparing varicocelectomy in children using isosulfan blue / Esposito, Ciro; Iaquinto, M; Escolino, M; Cortese, G; DE PASCALE, Teresa; Chiarenza, F; Cerulo, M; Settimi, Alessandro. - In: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY. - ISSN 0022-3468. - 49:(2014). [10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.12.022]