The motion of an ellipsoidal particle in a viscoelastic liquid subjected to an unconfined shear flow is addressed by numerical simulations. A complex dynamics is found with different transients and long-time regimes depending on the Deborah number De (De is the product of the viscoelastic liquid intrinsic time times the applied shear rate). Spiraling orbits toward a log-rolling motion around the vorticity are observed for low Deborah numbers, whereas the particle aligns with its major axis near to the flow direction at high Deborah numbers. The transition from vorticity to flow alignment is characterized by a periodic regime with small amplitude oscillations around orientations progressively shifting from vorticity to flow direction by increasing De. A range of Deborah numbers is detected such that the periodic solution coexists with the flow alignment regime (bistability). A further range of De is found where flow alignment is attained differently for particles starting far from or next to the shear plane: in the latter case, very long transients are found; hence an effective bistability (metabistability) is predicted to occur in a large time lapse before reaching the fully aligned state. Finally, the computed Deborah number values for flow alignment favorably compare with available experimental data. © 2014 American Physical Society.

Bistability and metabistability scenario in the dynamics of an ellipsoidal particle in a sheared viscoelastic fluid

D'AVINO, GAETANO;GRECO, FRANCESCO;MAFFETTONE, PIER LUCA
2014

Abstract

The motion of an ellipsoidal particle in a viscoelastic liquid subjected to an unconfined shear flow is addressed by numerical simulations. A complex dynamics is found with different transients and long-time regimes depending on the Deborah number De (De is the product of the viscoelastic liquid intrinsic time times the applied shear rate). Spiraling orbits toward a log-rolling motion around the vorticity are observed for low Deborah numbers, whereas the particle aligns with its major axis near to the flow direction at high Deborah numbers. The transition from vorticity to flow alignment is characterized by a periodic regime with small amplitude oscillations around orientations progressively shifting from vorticity to flow direction by increasing De. A range of Deborah numbers is detected such that the periodic solution coexists with the flow alignment regime (bistability). A further range of De is found where flow alignment is attained differently for particles starting far from or next to the shear plane: in the latter case, very long transients are found; hence an effective bistability (metabistability) is predicted to occur in a large time lapse before reaching the fully aligned state. Finally, the computed Deborah number values for flow alignment favorably compare with available experimental data. © 2014 American Physical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/588956
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