Objective: An increasing number of patients presenting for urgent coronary surgery have been exposed to clopidogrel, which constitutes a risk of bleeding and related events. Based on the wide variability in clopidogrel response and platelet function recovery after cessation, we evaluated the role of point-of-care platelet function testing to define the optimal time for off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in a case-control study. Methods: Three equally matched groups (300 patients in total) undergoing isolated off-pump CABG for acute coronary syndrome were compared. Group A were treated with clopidogrel and prospectively underwent a strategy guided by platelet function testing. Outcomes were compared with 2 propensity score matched groups: group B underwent CABG after the currently recommended 5 days without clopidogrel; group C were never exposed to clopidogrel. Results: Patients in group A had reduced postoperative bleeding compared with those in group B (523 ± 202 mL vs 851 ± 605 mL; P < .001) and a lower number of units packed red blood cells (PRBCs) transfused during the postoperative hospital stay (1.2 ± 1.6 units vs 1.9 ± 1.8 units; P = .004). Postoperative bleeding and the number of units of PRBCs transfused were similar in group A and group C. There was no difference in blood-derived products and platelet consumption, mortality, or the need for reoperation among the groups. Patients in group A waited 3.6 ± 1.7 days for surgery. The strategy used for group A saved 280 days of hospital stay in total. Conclusions: The strategy guided by platelet function testing for off-pump CABG offers improved guidance for optimal timing of CABG in patients treated with clopidogrel. This strategy significantly reduces postoperative bleeding and blood consumption, and has a shorter waiting time for surgery than current clinical practice. © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
Individualized strategy for clopidogrel suspension in patients undergoing off-pump coronary surgery for acute coronary syndrome: A case-control study / Mannacio, VITO ANTONIO; Meier, P; Antignano, A; Di Tommaso, L; DE AMICIS, Vincenzo; Vosa, Carlo. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0022-5223. - 148:4(2014), pp. 1299-1306. [10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.12.011]