INTRODUCTION: Due to the frequent use of neck ultrasonography, the incidence of differentiated thyroid microcarcinoma (DTMC), defined as a lesion with greatest dimension ≤1 cm, is increasing worldwide. Although DTMC generally has a lower aggressivity and a better prognosis than differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), some cases of clinically aggressive DTMC were found. The aim of this study is to compare the rate of recurrence in DTMC and DTC, during a 3-year follow-up. METHODS: Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma, who underwent total thyroidectomy and postoperative (131)I-RAI ablation, were stratified according to lesion diameter (DTC for diameter > 1 cm or DTMC ≤ 1 cm). After surgery, patients underwent a 3-year follow-up. Recurrent disease was defined on the basis of positive biochemical (Tg > 2 ng/ml under TSH-suppression or after rhTSH-stimulation) and/or imaging (US, WBS, CT, PET/CT) findings. RESULTS: 449 patients have been included in the final analysis. Linfoadenectomy rate and RAI ablative dose were significantly higher in DTC than in DTMC (32.7% vs. 22.4%, p = 0.018 and 112.3 ± 21 vs. 68.3 ± 24.1 mCi, p < 0.001). During the follow-up, 50 carcinoma recurrences occurred, more frequent in DTC than in DTMC (15.6% vs. 7.6%, p = 0.010). After adjustment for gender, age, rate of lymph node dissection and 131I dose of RAI treatment, the difference in the risk of recurrence was no longer significant among DTC and DTMC patients (HR: 1.585, 95% CI 0874-2877, p = 0.130). CONCLUSIONS: The prediction of disease severity cannot be based exclusively on lesion diameter. A more careful therapeutic approach and follow-up should be recommended in DTMC patients.

Clinical outcome in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and microcarcinoma / Lupoli, Roberta; Cacciapuoti, Marianna; Tortora, Anna; Barba, Livia; Verde, N; Romano, F; Vastarella, M; Fonderico, F; Masone, S; Milone, Marco; Lupoli, Giovanni; Lupoli, Gelsy. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9191. - 12:1(2014), pp. 148-151. [10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.05.024]

Clinical outcome in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and microcarcinoma

LUPOLI, ROBERTA;CACCIAPUOTI, MARIANNA;TORTORA, ANNA;BARBA, LIVIA;MILONE, MARCO;LUPOLI, GIOVANNI;LUPOLI, GELSY
2014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Due to the frequent use of neck ultrasonography, the incidence of differentiated thyroid microcarcinoma (DTMC), defined as a lesion with greatest dimension ≤1 cm, is increasing worldwide. Although DTMC generally has a lower aggressivity and a better prognosis than differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), some cases of clinically aggressive DTMC were found. The aim of this study is to compare the rate of recurrence in DTMC and DTC, during a 3-year follow-up. METHODS: Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma, who underwent total thyroidectomy and postoperative (131)I-RAI ablation, were stratified according to lesion diameter (DTC for diameter > 1 cm or DTMC ≤ 1 cm). After surgery, patients underwent a 3-year follow-up. Recurrent disease was defined on the basis of positive biochemical (Tg > 2 ng/ml under TSH-suppression or after rhTSH-stimulation) and/or imaging (US, WBS, CT, PET/CT) findings. RESULTS: 449 patients have been included in the final analysis. Linfoadenectomy rate and RAI ablative dose were significantly higher in DTC than in DTMC (32.7% vs. 22.4%, p = 0.018 and 112.3 ± 21 vs. 68.3 ± 24.1 mCi, p < 0.001). During the follow-up, 50 carcinoma recurrences occurred, more frequent in DTC than in DTMC (15.6% vs. 7.6%, p = 0.010). After adjustment for gender, age, rate of lymph node dissection and 131I dose of RAI treatment, the difference in the risk of recurrence was no longer significant among DTC and DTMC patients (HR: 1.585, 95% CI 0874-2877, p = 0.130). CONCLUSIONS: The prediction of disease severity cannot be based exclusively on lesion diameter. A more careful therapeutic approach and follow-up should be recommended in DTMC patients.
2014
Clinical outcome in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and microcarcinoma / Lupoli, Roberta; Cacciapuoti, Marianna; Tortora, Anna; Barba, Livia; Verde, N; Romano, F; Vastarella, M; Fonderico, F; Masone, S; Milone, Marco; Lupoli, Giovanni; Lupoli, Gelsy. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9191. - 12:1(2014), pp. 148-151. [10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.05.024]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/587365
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