Background: Diatomite is a natural porous biomaterial of sedimentary origin, formed by fragments of diatom siliceous skeletons, called “frustules”. Due to large availability in many areas of the world, chemical stability, and non-toxicity, these fossil structures have been widespread used in lot of industrial applications, such as food production, water extracting agent, production of cosmetics and pharmaceutics. However, diatomite is surprisingly still rarely used in biomedical applications. In this work, we exploit diatomite nanoparticles for small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) transport inside human epidermoid cancer cells (H1355). Methods: Morphology and composition of diatomite microfrustules (average size lower than 40 μm) are investigated by scanning electron microscopy equipped by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared analysis, and photoluminescence measurements. Nanometric porous particles (average size lower than 450 nm) are obtained by mechanical crushing, sonication, and filtering of micrometric frustules. siRNA bioconjugation is performed on both micrometric and nanometric fragments by silanization. Results: In-vitro experiments showvery lowtoxicity on exposure of the cells to diatomite nanoparticle concentration up to 300 μg/ml for 72 h. Confocal microscopy imaging performed on cancer cells incubated with siRNA conjugated nanoparticles demonstrates a cytoplasmatic localization of vectors. Gene silencing by delivered siRNA is also demonstrated. Conclusion: Our studies endorse diatomite nanoparticles as non-toxic nanocarriers for siRNA transport in cancer cells. General significance: siRNA is a powerful molecular tool for cancer treatment but its delivery is inefficient due to the difficulty to penetrate the cell membrane. siRNA-diatomite nanoconjugate may bewell suited for delivery of therapeutic to cancer cells.

Diatomite biosilica nanocarriers for siRNA transport inside cancer cells

MARTUCCI, NICOLA MASSIMILIANO;RUGGIERO, IMMACOLATA;TERRACCIANO, MONICA;MIGLIACCIO, NUNZIA;ARCARI, PAOLO;LAMBERTI, ANNALISA
2014

Abstract

Background: Diatomite is a natural porous biomaterial of sedimentary origin, formed by fragments of diatom siliceous skeletons, called “frustules”. Due to large availability in many areas of the world, chemical stability, and non-toxicity, these fossil structures have been widespread used in lot of industrial applications, such as food production, water extracting agent, production of cosmetics and pharmaceutics. However, diatomite is surprisingly still rarely used in biomedical applications. In this work, we exploit diatomite nanoparticles for small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) transport inside human epidermoid cancer cells (H1355). Methods: Morphology and composition of diatomite microfrustules (average size lower than 40 μm) are investigated by scanning electron microscopy equipped by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared analysis, and photoluminescence measurements. Nanometric porous particles (average size lower than 450 nm) are obtained by mechanical crushing, sonication, and filtering of micrometric frustules. siRNA bioconjugation is performed on both micrometric and nanometric fragments by silanization. Results: In-vitro experiments showvery lowtoxicity on exposure of the cells to diatomite nanoparticle concentration up to 300 μg/ml for 72 h. Confocal microscopy imaging performed on cancer cells incubated with siRNA conjugated nanoparticles demonstrates a cytoplasmatic localization of vectors. Gene silencing by delivered siRNA is also demonstrated. Conclusion: Our studies endorse diatomite nanoparticles as non-toxic nanocarriers for siRNA transport in cancer cells. General significance: siRNA is a powerful molecular tool for cancer treatment but its delivery is inefficient due to the difficulty to penetrate the cell membrane. siRNA-diatomite nanoconjugate may bewell suited for delivery of therapeutic to cancer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/587201
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