The anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin have been extensively investigated, identifying prostaglandin E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), key enzymes linking inflammation with cancer, as high affinity targets. A comparative structure-activity study revealed three modifications dissecting mPGES-1/5-LO inhibition, namely (i) truncation of the acidic, enolized dicarbonyl moiety and/or replacement by pyrazole, (ii) hydrogenation of the interaryl linker, and (iii) (dihydro)prenylation. The prenylated pyrazole analogue 11 selectively inhibited 5-LO, outperforming curcumin by a factor of up to 50, and impaired zymosan-induced mouse peritonitis along with reduced 5-LO product levels. Other pro-inflammatory targets of curcumin (i.e., mPGES-1, cyclooxygenases, 12/15-LOs, nuclear factor-κB, nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) were hardly affected by 11. The strict structural requirements for mPGES-1 and 5-LO inhibition strongly suggest that specific interactions rather than redox or membrane effects underlie the inhibition of mPGES-1 and 5-LO by curcumin.

SAR Studies on Curcumin's Pro-inflammatory Targets: Discovery of Prenylated Pyrazolocurcuminoids as Potent and Selective Novel Inhibitors of 5-Lipoxygenase / Koeberle, A; Muñoz, E; Appendino, Gb; Minassi, A; Pace, Simona; Rossi, Antonietta; Weinigel, C; Barz, D; Sautebin, Lidia; Caprioglio, D; Collado, Ja; Werz, O.. - In: JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-2623. - 57:13(2014), pp. 5638-5648. [10.1021/jm500308c]

SAR Studies on Curcumin's Pro-inflammatory Targets: Discovery of Prenylated Pyrazolocurcuminoids as Potent and Selective Novel Inhibitors of 5-Lipoxygenase.

PACE, SIMONA;ROSSI, ANTONIETTA;SAUTEBIN, LIDIA;
2014

Abstract

The anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin have been extensively investigated, identifying prostaglandin E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), key enzymes linking inflammation with cancer, as high affinity targets. A comparative structure-activity study revealed three modifications dissecting mPGES-1/5-LO inhibition, namely (i) truncation of the acidic, enolized dicarbonyl moiety and/or replacement by pyrazole, (ii) hydrogenation of the interaryl linker, and (iii) (dihydro)prenylation. The prenylated pyrazole analogue 11 selectively inhibited 5-LO, outperforming curcumin by a factor of up to 50, and impaired zymosan-induced mouse peritonitis along with reduced 5-LO product levels. Other pro-inflammatory targets of curcumin (i.e., mPGES-1, cyclooxygenases, 12/15-LOs, nuclear factor-κB, nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) were hardly affected by 11. The strict structural requirements for mPGES-1 and 5-LO inhibition strongly suggest that specific interactions rather than redox or membrane effects underlie the inhibition of mPGES-1 and 5-LO by curcumin.
2014
SAR Studies on Curcumin's Pro-inflammatory Targets: Discovery of Prenylated Pyrazolocurcuminoids as Potent and Selective Novel Inhibitors of 5-Lipoxygenase / Koeberle, A; Muñoz, E; Appendino, Gb; Minassi, A; Pace, Simona; Rossi, Antonietta; Weinigel, C; Barz, D; Sautebin, Lidia; Caprioglio, D; Collado, Ja; Werz, O.. - In: JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-2623. - 57:13(2014), pp. 5638-5648. [10.1021/jm500308c]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/585703
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